Legal experts say U.S. conditions in TPP would erode access to life-saving medicines in Pacific-Rim countries
Secret documents published Wednesday expose the Obama administration’s closed-door efforts to slash internet freedoms and erode access to medicines in the massive Trans-Pacific Partnership through a series of corporate giveaways and proposals that analysts say are the most damaging and dangerous in the history of such so-called “free trade” deals.
“The Obama administration’s proposals are the worst — the most damaging for health — we have seen in a U.S. trade agreement to date,” said Peter Maybarduk, director of Public Citizen’s global access to medicines program. “The Obama administration has backtracked from even the modest health considerations adopted under the Bush administration.”
A secret 94-page draft chapter on intellectual property negotiations, published by Wikileaks, provides a snap-shot of the secret 19th round of negotiations that took place in the country of Brunei in late August. While the TPP negotiations started in 2008 and the agreement is poised to be the largest U.S. trade deal ever, this is the first time the public has access to any draft of this chapter.
Legal experts say the document reveals a U.S. effort to champion the demands of the pharmaceutical industry by pushing to reduce the ability of countries to override patents, even when it would improve public health or make life-saving medicines more affordable.
“The Obama administration’s shameful bullying on behalf of the giant drug companies would lead to preventable suffering and death in Asia-Pacific countries,” said Maybarduk. “And soon the administration is expected to propose additional TPP terms that would lock Americans into high prices for cancer drugs for years to come.”
Experts also say the chapter shows an Obama administration taking aim at internet freedoms.
“The WikiLeaks text also features Hollywood and recording industry-inspired proposals — think about the SOPA debacle — to limit Internet freedom and access to educational materials, to force Internet providers to act as copyright enforcers and to cut off people’s Internet access,” said Burcu Kilic, an intellectual property lawyer with Public Citizen. “These proposals are deeply unpopular worldwide and have led to a negotiation stalemate.”
“The longest section of the Chapter — ‘Enforcement’ — is devoted to detailing new policing measures, with far-reaching implications for individual rights, civil liberties, publishers, internet service providers and internet privacy, as well as for the creative, intellectual, biological and environmental commons,” reads a statement released by Wikileaks.
The Obama administration has so far refused to release drafts of the negotiated text, and thus all of what’s publicly known about the deal has been learned cumulatively by a number or fragmented and limited leaks. Previous documents show negotiators are pushing to include NAFTA-like corporate tribunals that allow multinational companies to circumvent national legal systems and domestic protections of the environment and public health by settling with governments in secret courts.
The parties to the agreement–Australia, the US, Canada, Japan, Mexico, Peru, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, Chile, New Zealand, and Singapore–collectively comprise nearly 40 percent of the world’s GDP. Excluding China, the agreement appears to be in step with the U.S. military pivot to Asia in a bid to hedge against China’s rising power.
The revelations come ahead of the TPP Chief Negotiators’ summit in Salt Lake City, Utah later this month and in the midst of a White House bid to fast-track the agreement, details of which have been kept from both the U.S. public and elected lawmakers.
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Source: Common Dreams