The natural instinct of human beings is towards cooperation and sharing, but, distorted by competition, personal ambition and nationalism, self-interest and greed have become pre-eminent motivating forces, distorting action and corrupting the policies of governments.
Competition is a pervasive element within all aspects of contemporary society. It is thought by many to be a positive and natural part of the human condition, and one that drives innovation and change. Loyal Believers in Competition assert that in the world of business it serves the consumer by driving down prices and creating virtually unlimited material choice, and will, some claim, be the driving force for environmental salvation. To be blessed with a competitive spirit, it is argued, strengthens an individual’s ability to succeed and overcome rivals; it stimulates ‘development’ and advances in all areas — after all if the urge to compete and achieve were negated, then what would motivate action?
Whilst there is a degree of truth in some of these claims, the negative impacts are a great deal more serious and far-reaching.
Competition, and the broader economic doctrine of which it is an essential part, promotes conflict and maintains division; it feeds intolerance and sets individuals and groups (regions and nations, for example) against each other. Selfishness and greed are encouraged, abundance and dominance — of others, of a market or a region, of a way of thinking, the goal. Apple…