Most Americans will never be able to afford to retire.
We laid out the depressing math in our recent report Will Your Retirement Efforts Achieve Escape Velocity?:
- The median retirement account balance among all working US adults is $0. This is true even for the cohort closest to retirement age, those 55-64 years old.
- The average (i.e., mean) near-retirement individual has less than 8% of one year’s income saved in a retirement account
- 77% of all American households aren’t on track to have enough net worth to retire, even under the most conservative estimates.
There a number of causal factors that have contributed to this lack of retirement preparedness (decades of stagnant real wages, fast-rising cost of living, the Great Recession, etc), but as we explained in our report The Great Retirement Con, perhaps none has had more impact than the shift from dedicated-contribution pension plans to voluntary private savings:
How an Economy Grows a…
Best Price: $1.97
Buy New $8.50
(as of 01:00 EST – Details)
The Origins Of The Retirement Plan
Back during the Revolutionary War, the Continental Congress promised a monthly lifetime income to soldiers who fought and survived the conflict. This guaranteed income stream, called a “pension”, was again offered to soldiers in the Civil War and every American war since.
Since then, similar pension promises funded from public coffers expanded to cover retirees from other branches of government. States and cities followed suit — extending pensions to all sorts of municipal workers ranging from policemen to politicians, teachers to trash collectors.
A pension is what’s referred to as a defined benefit plan. The payout promised a worker upon…