Worse than fracking? California environmentalists terrified by acid jobs

As California lawmakers discuss 10 bills that would regulate fracking, some environmentalists are warning that the debate overshadows a more serious process that involves the use of hydrofluoric acid.

The state regulator is drawing up rules for hydraulic fracturing,
lawmakers are consideration various regulatory bills,
environmentalists are protesting drilling in the Monterey oil
formation, and filmmakers are creating a movie about the debate.
Many believe the concerns over fracking are well-founded, but
some corporations plan to use a different method to extract oil
or gas altogether.

“All this anti-fracking language misses the target and I am
very concerned it is a diversion,”
Steve Shimek of the
environmental group Monterey Coastkeeper told Reuters.

Venoco, a private oil and gas production corporation, has
estimated that eight out of 10 of its Monterey wells can be
completed without the use of fracking  — a method which
injects water, sand and chemicals into faults at high pressure to
shatter rock formations and release oil or gas. Using an
alternate method, chemicals such as hydrofluoric acid are pumped
into the wells to melt rocks and other obstructions to extract
oil.  Occidental Petroleum Corp, a California-based oil
and gas production company that leads the Monterey development,
in 2011 announced that most of its shale was extracted using acid
jobs — not fracking. This month, the company said that only one
sixth of its wells are currently being fracked.

A protestor holds a sign against fracking during a demonstration outside of the California Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) headquarters on July 25, 2012 in Sacramento, California. (AFP Photo / Justin Sullivan)

Only one of the 10 legislative fracking bills addresses acid
jobs, which has some environmentalists concerned. Companies are
not required to report their use of acid, which allows them to
pump large quantities of this substance into the ground with no
regulation.

“These are super-hazardous, poisonous chemicals and we have no
idea what they are doing out there with it — how deep it is
going, the volumes — nothing,”
Bill Allayaud of the
Environmental Working Group told Reuters. “Why shouldn’t our
state agency be regulating it as we hope they’ll be regulating
hydraulic fracturing?”
 

Earlier this month, Allayaud told Environment & Energy
Publishing that regulation for acid use is desperately needed
because it is unknown how much of the substance is being used and
where. Damon Nagami, a senior attorney at the Natural
Resources Defense Council, said techniques that replace fracking
— including gravel packing, water flooding, steam flooding and
acidization — remain largely excluded from the public debate.

They “aren’t being talked about as much because of the
spotlight on fracking,”
Nagami told E & E
Publishing. “We believe they could have as much of an impact
or possibly more than fracking itself because of the widespread
use and potential used in the future.”

With an estimated 15 barrels of oil in the Monterey shale,
California is ranked fourth in the US for oil output. Fracking
regulation in the state will take up to 16 months to write, and
ruled on acid jobs could take longer than that, State Oil and Gas
Supervisor Tim Kustic told Reuters. But with little emphasis
on acid regulation in the debate on oil and gas extraction,
companies will most likely be able to continue their processes
undisturbed.

“Taking hydrofluoric acid and injecting it into the ground and
changing the geology down there is a big concern,”
Kassie
Siegel, an attorney with the Center for Biological Diversity,
told Reuters. “We should not have this activity going on until
we know those risks.”

Lawmakers are trying to address environmentalists’ fracking
concerns, but acidization continues to remain a little-known
process with unknown environmental effects. 

This article originally appeared on: RT