Published time: September 11, 2013 23:21
A U.S. Air Force C-130 crew member talks on his headset near a U.S. flag as the plane prepares to fly from Bagram Air Base (Reuters / Erik De Castro)
Prisoners trapped in indefinite detention at Bagram Air Force base have experienced significant emotional and financial hardship as a result of their murky legal status at the US outpost in Afghanistan, according to a new report.
Justice Project Pakistan (JPP), a Pakistani legal organization
representing 11 of the approximately 60 non-Afghan detainees held
at Bagram, wrote that they “endure emotional, economic, and
social burdens from the long absence of their loved ones, all
worsened by the restrictions the US military imposes on
Known as “The Other Guantanamo,” Bagram held over 3,000 inmates
at its peak. Prisoners were denied the rights provided in the US
criminal justice system as well as the formal protections
afforded to a prisoner-of-war.
The US military transferred control of the base to Afghanistan in
March 2013 but has continued to hold roughly 60 individuals under
the auspices of war authority. There are approximately 3,000
Afghans remaining at the base.
Sarah Belal, the director of JPP, told Rolling Stone magazine
that the conversations around the legality of Bagram and
Guantanamo Bay in Cuba inevitably overlook the way people are
treated inside the facilities. The report assembles information,
including family testimonials, about the men who are accused of
posing a threat to US national security.
“The detention system and US narrative surrounding it, is
intentionally dehumanizing and seeks to erase the humanity and
histories and individualities of the victims of she
policies,” she said. “By focusing on the accounts of the
families of the detainees, we are challenging the US narrative
(which is based largely on classified evidence, hearsay, etc.) of
these guys being ‘bad men’ and terrorists by tracing out their
histories, gathering their family histories and compiling
accounts of their lives.”
Detainees have been kept in large group cells that hold as many
as 30 individuals at once. Different nationality groups make up
each cell, separating Afghan inmates from Pakistani inmates, etc.
About 50 of the 60 prisoners still under US control are
Pakistani. The report admonishes the Pakistani government for
failing to lobby the US to return citizens to their home.
Much of what has occurred at Bagram before the Afghans assumed
control after years of delay is simply unknown. A former guard
denied that torture took place and that “Abu Ghraib is
over,” a reference to the infamous prison abuse that marred
the Iraq war.
The source told Rolling Stone guards do not have access to the
intelligence files, but some of the detainees “might be there
for a false passport,” although some of the inmates were
certainly militants of radical Islam.
While the detainees do not have their own lawyers, detainee
review boards (DRBs) were instituted in 2009. The panels,
composed of US administration officials, not court members, were
meant to determine which inmates needed to be kept in custody.
“The DRBs were a joke, another way to humiliate us,” wrote
one man named Ayaz in the report. “At my DRB they said I was a
suicide bomber and that I want to bomb the USA…After the hearing
the Americans would tell me the result within a month and whether
I would be sent back to Pakistan or would have to stay there for
6 more months. The only evidence they had against me is what they
first forced me to sign at [a US military base in] Paktika
Families of the men, however, bear much of the strain for their
“For all the families interviewed, their relative’s detention
meant they are robbed of someone who provided substantial
financial support, and was often the family’s primary
breadwinner,” the report explained. “Many are large,
traditional families with relatives living together in the same
house, often in Pakistan’s urban slums or poor rural areas where
families must pool their incomes to make ends meet. The loss of a
major income earner has forced young children to give up their
education and elderly family members to return to the
Belal wrote in a press release that it should fall on US
authorities, however, to decide what to do with the detainees by
“These individuals are trapped in indefinite, illegal
detention,” she wrote. “The US and other governments have
the means to bring this to an end – it is time that they and the
public have the will.”