Hunger games: Critical health fears as Gitmo strike marks Day 100

Five critical, 30 force-fed, 100 to 130 taking part — data that makes for grim reading as the Guantanamo hunger strike enters its 100th day. More information on their ill health has been made public as detainees’ lawyers speak out.

Lawyers of the Guantanamo Bay prison detainees have been
increasingly worried that the inmates condition, particularly
overwhelming weight loss, is life threatening. This concern comes
as the longest hunger strike in the prison’s history has long
exceeded the point of what experts describe as irreversible health
risks — and coincides with reports of prison authorities allegedly
hampering the inmates’ communication with their attorneys.

Follow RT’s
day-by-day timeline of the Gitmo hunger strike.

Three days without food is the time needed for a human body to
start consuming fat and muscle protein, losing its mass, according
to a study on mass hunger strikes published by the California
Correctional Health Care Services.

Those not eating for two weeks are often so weak they cannot
stand or walk, and their heart rate drops, states the document.
After three weeks of hunger the lack of vitamins in one’s body
poses a serious risk of cognitive impairment, vision loss and motor
skills damage- impairing their mobility and ability to process
simple bodily functions.

In this photo reviewed by US military officials, US military guards at Campt VI move a detainee back to his cell after he attended a lifeskills class that included resume writing at the US Detention Center in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (AFP Photo / Paul J. Richards)

Some Guantanamo prison inmates have been on hunger strike for
over 14 weeks.

Studies of the 1981 Irish hunger strike showed that most people
couldn’t survive after losing more than 40 per cent of their body
weight. Attorneys representing the Guantanamo inmates say a large
fraction of the current hunger strikers have already lost about a
third of their body weight.

There has been little official word on the reports of a rapidly
deteriorating condition of some of the inmates, other than
statements of the military downplaying and directly refuting such
reports.

“The reports of hunger-strike related to deteriorating health
and detainees losing massive amounts of weight are simply
untrue,”
Guantanamo spokesperson Navy Capt. Robert Durand said
in a letter to RT more than a month after the
strike is believed to have started.

The International Committee of the Red Cross has been visiting
Guantanamo and taking notes on “more than 100 contexts” on
the conditions of detention and the treatment of detainees,
according to a statement on the ICRC website.

In this photo reviewed by US military officials, one detainee jogs by as others relax together in the exercise yard at Camp VI, part of the US Detention Center at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (AFP Photo / Paul J. Richards)

But the ICRC policy says the organization does not make any
public comments, discussing concerns only “directly and
confidentially with the authorities in charge.”

In fact, the only detailed accounts on what the hunger strikers
look like and how they feel after more than three months of
refusing food come from the inmates attorneys and the rare
statements from prisoners that they quote and deliver.

Lawyer and US army captain Jason Wright has described his
client, 32-year-old Afghan Obaidullah, as a 115-pound (50-kilogram)
“bag of bones” and “extremely distressing.” 

“I have pain in waist, dizziness. I cannot sleep well. I fell
[sic] hopeless. I cannot exercise. My muscle become weaker in the
last 50 days. I have thrown up five times,”
Obaidullah himself
wrote as quoted by the Independent.

The defense lawyers have repeatedly tried to “engage in
constructive dialogue”
concerning the detainees’ condition and
release, but all such attempts “have been met with resistance
and silence,”
Wright told the media. His client Obaidullah,
like many Gitmo detainees, has never been charged despite 11 years
of imprisonment.

In this photo reviewed by US military officials, a detainee inside Camp VI is put in transport restraints to be taken back to his cell after after attending a life skills class that includes resume writing inside the US military detention center in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (AFP Photo / Paul J. Richards)

Long-time Guantanamo detainee and veteran hunger striker Shaker
Aamer joined the current hunger strike on February 15. Aamer’s
lawyer Clive Stafford Smith, has voiced fears that his client may
be seriously ill, having long passed beyond the point of
“irreversible cognitive impairment” risk.

Stafford Smith, who said he was unable to contact his client
since the end of April, has recently reported that the detainees are being
threatened with humiliating body searches if they seek to contact
legal counsel, in a letter sent to UK Foreign Secretary William
Hague.

A legal British resident and citizen of Saudi Arabia, Aamer has
been held without charges for more than 11 years, despite having
been cleared for release in 2007 along with the 86 other
detainees.

Some 10 years ago, Aamer listed arthritis, kidney problems,
hearing problems, deteriorating eyesight, hair loss and “aching
heart”
among the things troubling him. In 2012 he pleaded,
“torture me in the old way,” saying here in Guantanamo they
“destroy people mentally and physically without leaving
marks,”
but not letting them “die in peace.”

The US Department of Defense has said the military will not let
Guantanamo prisoners “commit suicide by starving themselves to
death,”
and those showing signs of life-threatening conditions
have been forcibly fed by means of enteral tubes, including
Aamer.

US Army guards man the guard tower overlooking Camp Delta at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (AFP Photo / Paul J. Richards)

But apart from the pain and discomfort the detainees have
described in detail, the enteral feeding has
another side-effect — the return of the persistent feeling of
hunger, which disappears after the first days of fasting.

Now the hunger striker Aamer says he “barely notice[s]”
his medical ailments, with all the beating and asthma effects
fading in the face of “24/7 ache of hunger.” 

“Really, now it is just pain everywhere. I don’t want to die
in Guantanamo,”
another defendant of Stafford Smith, Younus
Chekkouri, told the attorney over the phone. As of April, the
Moroccan national had reportedly lost around 30 pounds (13.6
kilograms) of body weight and was surviving on Metamucil.

Depression and suicidal thoughts are some of the other problems
his clients experience, according to the lawyer. But the mental
trauma has remained even with those who have been released.

A 43-year-old British resident Omar Deghayes, who was released
from Guantanamo without charge in 2007, still recalls the effect of
two shorter hunger strikes he has been through.

“You start to hallucinate. When people talk to you, you can’t
understand them. I started to hear voices. Then I started to vomit
blood and puss. Your stomach contracts and when they force-feed
large quantities, you can’t control anything, you get diarrhea in
your trousers. They take you into the yard and hose you down,”

Deghayes told the Independent.

In this photo reviewed by US military officials, detainees using towels as head dress are seen inside Camp VI as they gather at a cart rolled into the communial area with thier noon meal inside the US Detention Center in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (AFP Photo / Paul J. Richards)

A recent report revealed that the assessment of hunger strikers
condition and the final decision of who will undergo the painful
procedure of force-feeding, have been dependent on the approval of
the commander of Guantanamo rather than the opinion of view of
prison medics.

While international rights groups have long been calling to stop
this extremely invasive and highly controversial practice, with the
UN condemning it as “torture,” the US
responded to the current hunger strike by sending 40 nurses to assist with force-feeding.

“I can’t imagine they understood what they are being asked to
do for their country. I don’t think they knew how horrific it would
be. I hope some of them have the courage to say no,”
attorney
Wright, who traveled on the same plane as the nurses, has said.

Meanwhile, many of the detainees have been ready to die for
their dignity, as they have no hope for release, Wright told RT.

“I scare myself when I look in the mirror. Let them kill us
as we have nothing to lose. We died when Obama indefinitely
detained us. Respect us or kill us. It is your choice. The US
must take off its mask and kill us,”
a desperate statement by
Wright’s Kuwaiti client Faiz al-Kandari said as quoted by the
lawyer.

“The only way this changes is if the world pressures the
United States, internally as well. We need the citizens of the
United States to stand up and demand that President Obama follow
through with his promise… to close the Guantanamo,”
Wright
urged.

This article originally appeared on : RT