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UK govt defends Libya involvement that ‘helped save civilian lives, weaken militants’

The British government has waved away criticism of its intervention in Libya in 2011, voiced in the report by the Foreign Affairs Select Committee...
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Video: Cameron, Sarkozy Libya ‘liberation’ (cheers!) speeches in Benghazi Sept 15, 2011

Sep 15, 2011 - Libya: Cameron and Sarkozy mobbed in Benghazi Libya: David Cameron and Nicolas Sarkozy receive heroes' welcome in Tripoli They came...

Why Obama and Hillary Wanted Libya’s Gaddafi Toppled and Killed

(RINF) - October 20 marked the fifth anniversary of Muammar Gaddafi’s sodomized-related death - US imperial viciousness responsible for his murder and destruction Africa’s...
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Video: No sign of liberty tree growing: 5 years of Gaddafi’s killing, Libya is...

Five years ago, strongman Muammar Gaddafi, who had balanced Libyan factions to preserve stability, was hunted down and brutally killed by NATO-backed ... Via Youtube

WATCH: Libya without Gaddafi: 5 years of turmoil (Special Report)

Published time: 20 Oct, 2016 21:00 Five years after a NATO-backed rebellion overthrew the government of Col....
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Video: Five years after Gaddafi: Is Libya better off?

It's been five years since the NATO-backed overthrow of Libyan President Colonel Gaddafi and still much of the conversation about the man and the...

Surviving Torture in a CIA Secret Prison: Khaled al-Sharif of Libya Recounts Horrors

A shocking new report details how harsh American interrogation methods have led to devastating psychiatric disorders in former prisoners. The New York...

Ex-arms dealer claims US pinned weapon sales to Libya on him to ‘protect’ Clinton...

An American arms dealer, previously indicted for arming Libyan rebels, accused the US of using him...

US maternal mortality rate worse than Libya, Palestine – report

The maternal mortality rate in the United States is higher than that of Iran, Palestine, Libya,...

The Great Libya War Fraud

National newspapers were ‘unimpressed by Jeremy Corbyn’s victory’ in the Labour leadership election, Roy Greenslade noted in the Guardian, surprising no-one. Corbyn secured almost...

The Forgotten Libyan Lessons and the Syrian War

Exclusive: Western leaders are plotting to bomb another Mideast nation, this time Syria, citing “humanitarianism.” But similar claims in Iraq and...
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Video: Syria will never be another Libya or Iraq – envoy to UN Bashar...

Bashar Al-Jaafari, Syria's ambassador to the UN, speaks exclusively to RT RT LIVE http://rt.com/on-air Subscribe to RT! Via Youtube

How Libyan ‘Regime Change’ Lies Echo in Syria

Exclusive: The mainstream U.S. media has largely ignored a U.K. report on the West’s lies used to justify the Libyan “regime...

Libya: David Cameron’s “Iraq”?

Former UK Prime Minister David Cameron is consistent in just one thing – jumping ship when the going gets tough. He announced his resignation...

British military wanted to weaponize boy scouts & football in failed battle for Libya

A leaked 2013 report reveals how the UK military wanted to weaponize the Scout Association,...
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Video: UK intervention in Libya ill-conceived & based on erroneous facts, Cameron responsible –...

The UK strategy in Libya was based on erroneous facts, and the operation to protect civilians turned into “regime change by military means,” a...

Hold Cameron to account for ‘ill conceived’ Libya war – Tory MP

Former PM David Cameron should be summoned to Parliament to account for his decisions during...

Cameron responsible for ‘erroneous’ UK strategy in Libya, leading to rise of ISIS –...

The UK strategy in Libya was based on erroneous facts, and the operation to protect...

Getting Fooled on Iraq, Libya, Now Russia

Exclusive: After the British report exposing falsehoods to justify invading Iraq in 2003, a new U.K. inquiry found similar misconduct in the 2011 attack on...

Libya mission failed because West didn’t intervene enough – former UK army chief

Britain’s ill-fated war in Libya, which was blasted as a disaster in a report released...

Video: ‘You have to keep all senses alert’: RT crew on frontline of fight...

Libyan government forces are close to a victory over Islamic State (ISIS/ISIL) fighters in the coastal city of Sirte, which had become a stronghold...
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Video: Culture of Death: Uncovering ISIS tactics in Libya (EXCLUSIVE)

Islamic State's brainwashing machine has been in full swing in Sirte, turning people into unscrupulous suicide bombers and targeting civilian infrastructure such ... Via Youtube
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Video: Bombs everywhere: RT crew nearly fell for one of ISIS ‘farewell’ traps in...

On the frontline of the battle with jihadists in the Libyan town of Sirte, unexploded mortars and booby traps left by behind by Islamic...
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Video: Chaotic battle between ISIS & govt forces in Libya (EXCLUSIVE)

New intense battle footage from Libya shows an RT crew caught in the midst of heavy fighting between government forces and Islamic State (IS,...
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Video: RT films Mosque from ISIS video & mass execution in site liberated Sirte,...

Reporting from the front line, RT's William Whiteman tracked signs left by Islamic State's long grip on the city of Sirte in Libya. A...

Royal Navy targets Libya gun runners & people smugglers

Type 45 destroyer HMS Diamond set sail on Wednesday on a mission to tackle arms...

Final chemical weapon components removed from Libya by British & Danish navies – MoD

British sailors, alongside the Danish Navy, have helped to escort the last chemicals that could...
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Video: Regime Change in Libya Mirrors Iraq: Both Efforts Led to Failed States &...

http://democracynow.org - As we speak with scholar Vijay Prashad about how the United States carried out regime change in Libya and left behind a...

War To ‘Stop’ War: Libya’s ‘Operation Odyssey Lightning’

Everyone seems to have a theory on how to obliterate ISIS, or “Daesh”. However, two points are rarely raised: one, concerning the...

War to “stop” War: Libya’s “Operation Odyssey Lightning”

Everyone seems to have a theory on how to obliterate ISIS, or ‘Daesh’. However, two points are rarely raised: one, concerning the origins of...

US Admits Boots on the Ground in Libya, But Will This Be Gaddafi 2.0?

On Wednesday, it was reported that Libyan militia groups supportive of the GNA, the Government of National Accord – the interim government installed by...
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Video: Tripoli-backed forces continue battle for Sirte, Libya

Libyan forces backed by the Tripoli-based government secured key positions in Sirte, liberating more of the coastal city that was captured by the so-called...

Is This the Real Reason the United States Is Suddenly Bombing Libya?

Last Monday, the Department of Defense held a press conference in which Pentagon Press Secretary Peter Cook disclosed to reporters that the United States...

Refugee deal with Libya ‘dangerous’ as there’s no effective government in Tripoli – Amnesty

Europe cannot strike a refugee deal with Libya, as recommended by Britain’s Home Affairs Committee,...

ISIS fills ‘vacuum of power’ in Libya left by US – VA senator to...

A Virginia state senator told RT that the US campaign against the Islamic State in the coastal city of Sirte, Libya is nothing but...

Stay Out of Libya

We’re back in Libya, with US warplanes bombing targets in the city of Sirte, on a mission that, according to...
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Video: Obama: US failed to plan for peace and security in Libya after toppling...

President Barack Obama took responsibility for not being 'sufficiently attentive' to the power vacuum in Libya after an international coalition toppled the country's ... Via...
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Video: Frozen Sovereign Funds Behind the Libyan ‘invitation’ to Bomb Sirte

Vijay Prashad said the Libyan Government of National Accord has been under pressure to invite the US bombing campaign because western governments ... Via Youtube
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Video: Intervention 2.0? US launches air strikes on ISIS targets in Libya

The US military has begun bombing targets around the Libyan city of Sirte, which is controlled by militias associated with Islamic State. The Pentagon...

Ron Paul on Libya War Escalation – Congress AWOL

The Obama Administration announced yesterday that it would begin a sustained bombing campaign against ISIS in Libya. The Administration said...
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Video: The Never-Ending War: U.S. Announces New Front Against ISIS in Libya

http://democracynow.org - The U.S. military carried out two airstrikes in Libya against ISIS fighters on Monday in the latest escalation of the U.S. war...

US ‘not sufficiently attentive’ to Libya aftermath, Obama says amid new airstrike campaign

President Barack Obama took responsibility for not being “sufficiently attentive” to the power vacuum in Libya...

US Airstrikes Hit Libya To Bolster UN-Created Government

The Pentagon has announced today that the US has begun conducting military airstrikes against Libya with the stated intent of defeating ISIS...

Gaddafi henchmen who stole millions from Libya found laundering money through British banks

Three of former Libyan dictator Colonel Muammar Gaddafi's henchmen have been found living comfortably in...

Hillary Clinton’s Libyan Fingerprints

Some Hillary Clinton backers now downplay the then-Secretary of State’s role in what has become a disastrous “regime change” war...

Libya’s Downward Spiral, Part 2

Syria’s new UN-approved government is little more than a loose alliance of militias loose alliance thrown together to provide Libya with a semblance of...
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Video: Libya combat action footage: Fighting ISIS in Sirte

Militia members loyal to the Libya's UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) continued their offensive against the so-called Islamic State in the coastal ... Via...

Libya’s Downward Spiral, Part 1

Behind the veil of NATO, the U.S. contributed heavily to the wholesale destruction of Libya. (Photo: Carsten ten Brink / Flickr Commons) Cross-posted from View...

Grim testimony of brutalized refugees fleeing through Libya

Horrifying testimony given by refugees who were subjected to rape, violence and exploitation while fleeing...

How Much Blame Should Hillary Clinton Bear for Libya?

The biggest blot on Hillary Clinton’s record as secretary of state – Libya – may have been a symptom of her stubbornness. (Photo: RedPepperCo.ug) Can...

British Troops Enter Syria and Libya to Ensure That War Outlives ISIS

The Normandy landings, launched 72 years ago this week, saw the opening of a second front against the Nazis in Europe by the US...
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Video: New Unity Government in Libya Overly Optimistic in Claiming an Offensive Against ISIS...

It is important to recognize that ISIS is not precisely a territorial group, says historian Vijay Prashad. Via Youtube
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Video: RAW: Militias capture ISIS ammo storage facility during offensive in Sirte, Libya

Misrata militias loyal to Libya's new Government of National Accord captured an ammunition storage facility reportedly belonging to the Islamic State during their ... Via...

MI6 won’t be charged over kidnap, torture of Libyans

Britain’s Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) announced Thursday that no charges will be brought against British...

UK pushes for UN arms embargo on Libya… after years of pouring in weapons

Despite sending weapons into Libya before and after the disastrous 2011 NATO intervention, Britain is...

‘Surgical shot to take out Gaddafi’: Trump explains how he would have ‘solved’ Libya

After spending his campaign saying that Libya was better off under Muammar Gaddafi, presumptive Republican presidential...

Libya’s ‘Chaos Theory’ Undercuts Hillary

Exclusive: Hillary Clinton’s Libyan “regime change” project remains in chaos with one U.S. official likening rival factions to rogue water “droplets”...

MI5, MI6 suffered ‘serious rift’ over Libya rendition flights & torture

Britain’s involvement in secret rendition operations during the ‘War on Terror’ caused a serious breakdown...

Bollywood-boarding: UK special forces in Libya ‘torture’ ISIS with Indian pop tunes

UK special forces operating in Libya are blasting Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) positions with...

Post-Gaddafi Libya’s ‘kind of a mess’: Obama regrets counting on allies too much

The US should have not relied on other members of its anti-Gaddafi coalition in 2011 to...

Libya: How to Bring Down a Nation

More than 30,000 Libyans died during seven months of bombing by an essentially tripartite force – France, Great Britain, United States – which clearly...
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Video: GoPro: Migrant boat capsizes in Med, 500 Libyans fight for lives amid Italian...

Some 500 asylum seekers were sailing from the Libyan coast to Sicily, Italy, when their boat capsized. The Italian coastguard provided them with lifejackets,...

Gunboat diplomacy: Cameron pledges warship & support to Libyan unity government

Britain must support the new Libyan unity government, Prime Minister David Cameron told G7 leaders,...

UK Navy ship due in Libyan waters

SAS destroy ISIS suicide truck in Libya in biggest UK military assault yet

British special forces destroyed an Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) suicide truck near the city...

Libyans wounded while fighting ISIS may get British hospital treatment

Libyan militia fighters wounded while engaging Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) in their country may be airlifted out for treatment in British hospitals, it...

US Set To Deploy (More) Ground Troops to Libya

The decision by President Obama, egged on by his then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, to depose Libya’s longtime leader Muammar Qaddafi in 2011, led...

Britain & Germany split over NATO’s military training role in Libya

NATO powers Britain and Germany are at odds over how to help Libya’s new so-called...
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Video: Libya combat footage: Bomb-dropping & on-ground fighting in battle against ISIS near Misrata

Misrata Air Base Media Office released footage which is believed to show Libyan Air Force jets bombing ISIS positions & Misrata forces pushing Islamic...

ISIS not in retreat, war in Libya could make matters worse – security expert

Claims that Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) is in retreat are mistaken and misleading, according...
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Video: Libyan central bank struggles to open Gaddafi golden coins vault, hires safecrackers

With Libya suffering dire economic problems, a stash of golden and silver coins worth $184 million locked in a Gaddafi-era vault in the eastern...
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Video: World powers up for arming Libyan government to counter ISIS

Members of the UN Security Council say they're ready to lift an arms embargo and supply the Libyan government with weapons to combat Islamic...

We’re jammin’! RAF fries ISIS communications in Libya with new high-tech plane

Royal Air Force personnel have tested out their new high-tech jammer plane by bombarding Islamic...

UN-brokered Libyan PM wants UN arms embargo dropped amid UK troop row

Amid rumors of a 1,000-strong UK deployment, Libya’s new leader Fayez al-Sarraj has called on...

Did You Know? US Special Forces Fighting in Libya and Somalia

Did You Know? US Special Forces Fighting in Libya and Somalia Daniel McAdams, May 13, 2016 With the ongoing larger...

EU’s Mediterranean anti-smuggling mission doomed without stable Libya – Lords

The EU’s operations to stop people trafficking in the central Mediterranean will not work without...
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Video: ISIS advances in Libya, seizes villages & crucial crossroads along Mediterranean coast

Islamic State has made significant advances in the last few days in Libya, seizing villages and crucial crossroads along the Mediterranean coast. The jihadists...
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Video: RAW: Moment of reported ISIS suicide blast in Libya

A suicide blast destroyed a vehicle driving in terrain just outside Abu Qurayn, Thursday, amid fighting between forces loyal to General Khalifa Haftar and...

‘Don’t expect a vote on sending troops to Libya,’ Foreign Office minister tells MPs

Plans to deploy 1,000 British troops to Libya without parliamentary approval are well underway, the...

'Too busy' Cameron won't show for Libya ‘sh*t-show’ war inquiry

Prime Minister David Cameron told the committee holding an inquiry into his 2011 Libyan campaign...

Seymour Hersh Says Hillary Approved Sending Libya’s Sarin to Syrian Rebels

Eric Zuesse, originally posted at strategic-culture.org The great investigative journalist Seymour Hersh, in two previous articles in the London Review of Books (“Whose Sarin?” and...

UK cannot ‘rule out’ deploying ground troops in Libya, Hammond says

British ground troops, supported by the Air Force and Navy, may go to Libya to...

No plan or ‘appetite’ to send combat troops to Libya – Hammond

British combat troops will not be deployed to Libya and any plans to do so...

UK in talks to deploy up to 1,000 troops to Libya as Hammond arrives...

European defense officials are to discuss sending thousands of troops to Libya. The talks come...
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Video: Clinton shifts blame for bombing Libya to Obama & Libyan people

Since NATO's intervention in Libya to topple Colonel Gaddafi in 2011, the country has suffered instability and political chaos. Hillary Clinton, who was US...

Clinton denies responsibility for Libya chaos, blames ‘obstruction of US efforts’

The US-led campaign in Libya left the country in chaos, but Hillary Clinton says she isn't to blame. The Democratic candidate said she exercised...
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Video: RAW: Smoke rises over Benghazi as Libyan army & militant forces continue fighting

Libyan army & militant forces continue fighting in militant-controlled areas of Benghazi, Libya's second largest city RT LIVE http://rt.com/on-air Subscribe to RT! Via Youtube

UK not going to Libya … but has boatload of crack troops quietly floating...

UK officials deny troops will go to Libya, refusing to comment on current SAS operations....

UK Special Forces are in Libya but govt silent, Crispin Blunt tells RT (VIDEO)

Britain’s SAS shadow war in Libya must be explained to the public, Foreign Affairs Committee...

Libyan unity government rejects British troops for anti-ISIS mission

British troops may not be deployed to Libya after all because the head of the...

Libya… Britain’s next Afghan disaster? UK colonel warns of ‘mission creep’

British plans to send troops to Libya could result in another Afghanistan-style disaster, according to...

‘Worst mistake as president’: Obama admits he had no plan after Libya regime change

Failing to plan for the aftermath of the US-led military intervention in Libya was President Barack...

Covering Up Hillary’s Libyan Fiasco

Exclusive: Despite Libya’s bloodshed and chaos, ex-Secretary of State Clinton still defends her key role in the 2011 “regime change,” but her reasons...

‘Paltry bone-throwing’: UN insider blasts Britain’s Libya aid efforts

Britain spent hundreds of millions of pounds on bombing Libya, but its post-war humanitarian efforts...

UK has moral obligation to resolve Libya ‘mess’ but troops would be seen as...

Britain is morally obliged to help solve the ‘mess’ it left in Libya, but troops...

Cleaning Up Hillary’s Libyan Mess

Exclusive: U.S. officials are pushing a dubious new scheme to “unify” a shattered Libya, but the political risk at home...

After British, Italian and French Denials: Libya, The Sequel

The prime minister promised, in September 2011, that he would “not allow Libya to turn into another Iraq” so he decided to lead international efforts,...

After British, Italian and French denials ; Libya – The Sequel

The prime minister promised, in September 2011, that he would “not allow Libya to turn into another Iraq” so he decided to lead international...
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Video: Blackwater Founder’s Latest Scheme: Money Laundering for Libyan Officials Through a Chinese Bank

http://democracynow.org - The Intercept reports that what began as an investigation into Blackwater founder Erik Prince's attempts to sell defense services in ... Via Youtube
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Video: Libya 5 years after NATO intervention: From one of richest nations in Africa...

On this day five years ago, a NATO-led coalition began its military intervention in Libya. French fighter jets were deployed over the African country...

Foreign Office forced to deny plans for Libya airstrikes, troop deployments

No UK troops will be deployed to Libya and airstrikes will not be extended to...

Send warships to Libya, break migrant trafficking ‘business model’ – Cameron

Warships are needed to disrupt people smugglers and stem the flow of migrants and refugees...

Egypt’s Sisi tells West ‘stay out of Libya’ amid talk of UK military intervention

British Prime Minister David Cameron will tell an EU summit on Thursday he’s ready and...

Selective memory? Clinton says US ‘didn’t lose a single person’ in Libya (VIDEO)

US Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton appeared to overlook the killing of four US citizens during an attack on the US diplomatic mission in Benghazi...

Exposing the Libyan Agenda: A Closer Look at Hillary’s Emails

Critics have long questioned why violent intervention was necessary in Libya. Hillary Clinton’s recently published emails confirm that it was less about protecting the...

Exposing the Libyan Agenda: A Closer Look at Hillary’s Emails

Critics have long questioned why violent intervention was necessary in Libya. Hillary Clinton’s recently published emails confirm that it was less about protecting the...
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Video: ‘Sh*t Show’: Obama blames Cameron & Sarkozy for ‘mess’ in post-Gaddafi Libya

US President Barack Obama has blamed UK Prime Minister David Cameron and other European leaders for the current chaos in Libya, saying he had...
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Video: Tunisia builds barrier on border with Libya to keep jihadists out

Fears that Islamic State violence could spread further in the Middle East has seen the Tunisia government resort to a sand barrier, in the...

Western powers prepare military operations in Libya

Via WSWS. This piece was reprinted by RINF Alternative News with permission or license. Niles Williamson The New York Times reported Tuesday that US Defense Secretary...

US generals to lawmakers: Libya a failed state, Iran a long-term threat

(RT) - Three top US military commanders told the Senate that the struggle against terrorists in...

Ron Paul on Hillary’s Libya: Arab Spring Or Dark Winter?

Daniel McAdams According to a recent New York Times series of articles, then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was the key Obama Administration figure arguing for...

Hillary Haunted by Libya

I went to Libya in 1987 to interview its strongman, Muammar Khadaffi. We spent an evening talking in his colorful Bedouin tent outside the...

Should Hillary Face War Crimes Charges Over Libya?

Will Hillary Clinton be indicted for storing classified materials on an unsecure server in her house while Secretary of State? Will President Obama call...

Libya: How Hillary Clinton Destroyed a Country

“We came, we saw, he died,” exclaimed an ebullient Hillary Clinton, as she exulted over the horrific death of Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi, who was sodomized...
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Video: The Libya Gamble: Inside Hillary Clinton’s Push for War & the Making of...

http://democracynow.org - The New York Times has published a major two-part exposé titled "The Libya Gamble" on how then Secretary of State Hillary Clinton...
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Video: ‘Secret war’: France reportedly engaged in military ops against ISIS in Libya

France is using its special forces and commandos to wage covert military operations against Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIL/ISIS) in Libya, the country's media...
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Video: Kerry: Libya may become ‘failed state’ if conflict continues

Libya risks becoming 'a failed state' if the UN-brokered unity government flops, US Secretary John Kerry has said. While Libya remains broke and insecure...
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Video: US Bombs ISIS in Libya, Allies Support ISIS in Libya

Pan-African News Wire Editor Abayomi Azikiwe says the U.S. is acting like the chief policeman of the region after it participated in the destruction...
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Video: ‘Now devastated’: 5 yrs after Libyan revolution

On this date, five years ago, a day of rage was proclaimed in Libya, with anti-government protesters pouring onto the streets across the country....

Playing Whack-a-Terrorist in Libya

The Libyan “regime change” of 2011 – aggressively promoted by then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton – turned a relatively prosperous and secular country into another...

Lost Lessons of Libya

Exclusive: Despite months of Western diplomatic efforts, Libya remains an object lesson in “regime change” arrogance, a failed state beset by rival militias and...
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Video: UK considers sending 1,000 troops to Libya against ISIS

Britain is apparently considering sending a thousand more troops to Libya to boost forces fighting Islamic State. RT LIVE http://rt.com/on-air Subscribe to RT! Via Youtube
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Video: ‘Mixed signals’: US may re-launch military action in Libya

The US congress is considering a resolution allowing Obama to use all means necessary in the Libyan conflict. However, the strategy is still unclear. Via...

Libya: We’re About To Return to the Crime Scene

The New York Times reports that the “government” of Libya is hiding in a hotel room in Tunis: “Officials said there was agreement that the United...
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Video: ‘More chaos to come’: Libyan parliament rejects UN-backed unity govt

Libya's internationally recognized parliament in Tobruk has voted to reject a UN-backed initiative to form a unity government with a Tripoli based militia alliance. Via...

War criminal Tony Blair refuses to attend IRA-Libya compensation inquiry

Declining to answer additional questions at an inquiry into Libyan-backed IRA terror activities, former Prime Minister Tony Blair claims he has already given all...
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Video: Power Struggle: Infighting makes it difficult to stop ISIS in Libya

As Islamic State loses ground in Syria and Iraq, it's intensifying efforts in Libya. The jihadists' growing presence there has sparked concerns among U.S....
Cost of bombing Libya massively under-estimated

Libya/Syria — Lies, Damned Lies and Statistics

Last month, before the parliamentary vote on whether to bomb Syria, British Chancellor George Osborne publicly stated that the cost of extending air strikes...

What Hillary Knew about Libya

Exclusive: In Official Washington’s propaganda world, the U.S. government and its “allies” are always standing for what’s right and good and the “enemies” are...
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Video: ‘Greater share of oil production’ Hillary Clinton emails reveal motives of Libya intervention

Newly declassified emails belonging to Hillary Clinton reveal some new possible motives behind the intervention in Libya. RT LIVE http://rt.com/on-air Subscribe ... Via Youtube
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Video: Plumes of black smoke after ISIS sets fire to Libya Al-Sidra oil facility

Thick, black smoke was rising from the Al-Sidra oil facility, about 400 kilometers west of Benghazi, while firefighters struggled to put the flames out....

New Hillary Emails Reveal Propaganda, Executions, Coveting Libyan Oil and Gold

New Emails Expose Hillary’s Dirty War in Libya The New Year’s Eve release of over 3000 new Hillary Clinton emails from the State Department has CNN...

1,000 crack British troops deployed to Libyan oil fields to ‘halt the advance of...

British Special Forces have been deployed in Libya to wrest back control of more than a dozen oil fields seized by Islamic State (IS,...
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Video: Libyan Foreign Minister to RT: ‘Not seeking any intl intervention to fight terrorism...

To talk about security and political situation in Libya, RT's joined by the country's Foreign Minister, Mohamed Al-dairi. RT LIVE http://rt.com/on-air Subscribe to ... Via...

UN resolution could see Britain renew airstrikes over Libya

British airstrikes could recommence over Libya just four years after the fall of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi as a British-sponsored UN resolution looks likely to...
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Video: Angry Libyans lash out at Obama’s independence congratulations

In a message to the Libyan people, the US President said the 2011 Libyan revolution liberated them from “42 years of dictatorship.” Now there...
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Video: ISIS unveils ‘Islamic police’: Masked gunmen patrol streets, direct traffic in Libyan Sirte

ISIS has released a video reportedly showing the presence of its own police force in Libya. It shows the so-called "Islamic Police" dressed in...
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Video: Sy Hersh: Backing Assad’s Ouster, Has Hillary Clinton Forgotten the Lessons of Iraq...

At Saturday's Democratic presidential debate, front-runner Hillary Clinton rejected what she called a "false choice" between defeating the Islamic State and ... Via Youtube
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Video: ‘ISIS stole sarin gas from Libya stores & already used it’ – Gaddafi’s...

Islamic State in Libya has apparently obtained the nerve agent, sarin - which is a weapon of mass destruction. Akhmed Gaddafi al-Dam, the cousin...

New York Times covers up US responsibility for ISIS surge in Libya

By Bill Van Auken In a lengthy article entitled “ISIS’ Grip on Libyan City Gives It a Fallback Option,” the New York Times last weekend provided...
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Video: Libyan Sirte becomes new ISIS stronghold with direct sea route to Europe

The anti-terror campaign in Syria and Iraq is pushing Islamic State militants to look for a new foothold, which they're apparently finding in Libya…The...
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Video: Bamako Hostage Crisis: How U.S.-Backed Intervention in Libya Spread Chaos to Nearby Mali

A hostage crisis is underway in Mali, where suspected Islamist militants have stormed a luxury hotel in the capital Bamako and taken over 180...
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Video: Ignoring U.S. Destabilization of Libya, GOP Benghazi Hearing Asks Clinton All the Wrong...

Former secretary of state and current Democratic hopeful Hillary Clinton underwent a marathon day of testimony Thursday before the House Select Committee ... Via Youtube

Hillary Clinton should be prosecuted for war crimes over her role in destroying Libya:...

Former US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton should be prosecuted for war crimes over her admission under oath that she played a part in...

Hillary Clinton’s Failed Libya ‘Doctrine’

By Robert Parry (Originally published on July 1, 2015) Secretary of State Hillary Clinton fancied the violent 2011 “regime change” in Libya such a triumph...

War criminal Tony Blair urged Gaddafi flee during Libya uprising

Tony Blair encouraged Colonel Gaddafi to flee Libya and find a safe haven as the Arab Spring intensified and rebels raged against his regime,...

War criminal Tony Blair could face grilling for ‘trying to save Gaddafi’ during Libya...

Former Prime Minister Tony Blair could be summoned before MPs to face allegations he offered to help rescue Colonel Gaddafi during the 2011 NATO-led...

Fmr. UK PM may face new charge for link with Libya dictator

Former Prime Minister Tony Blair may face new charge over his role in allegedly helping rescue former Libya dictator Muammar Gaddafi during Nato-led operation against...

Austria, Libya count dead as number of migrants crossing Mediterranean soars

From: yahoo.com Austria said on Friday 71 refugees including a baby girl were found dead in an abandoned freezer truck, while Libya recovered...
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Video: ‘Syria on US hit list just like Libya, airstrikes really a provocation’ ex-Air...

The US has been carrying out airstrikes against ISIS in Syria for almost a year, and the latest decision to bomb Syrian government forces...
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Video: UK spent 13 times more on bombing Libya than it paid to help...

UK government spending has come under the spotlight. It's emerged that Westminster seems more willing to spend money on bombing, rather than re-building. Via Youtube

Hillary Clinton’s Failed Libya ‘Doctrine’

By Robert Parry Secretary of State Hillary Clinton fancied the violent 2011 “regime change” in Libya such a triumph that her aides discussed labeling it...

Obama’s Libya Fiasco

Exclusive: With Libya’s bloody “regime change” in 2011, the Obama administration and its European allies opened the door to anarchy and now the emergence...

Sidney Blumenthal, Clinton, Inc. and the rape of Libya

  By Bill Van Auken (WSWS) - “We came, we saw, he died,” then-US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton boasted to CBS News in October 2011 after...

CIA Asset Joins Islamic State in Libya — Abdelhakim Belhadj Worked with U.S. and...

Abdelhakim Belhadj has reportedly joined forces with the Islamic State, according to the journalist Sara Carter. Belhadj is a former al-Qaeda operative who was...

Libyan renditions case: hearing today on secret spy policies

Two Libyan families who have sued the UK government over their rendition to Gaddafi’s torture chambers will today, in an Investigatory Powers Tribunal (IPT)...

The Neoconservative Hit list: Iraq, Libya and now Syria? A Plan for Global U.S....

Steven MacMillan 1997 witnessed the birth of one of the most pivotal American think tanks in modern times, whose ideas and objectives would come to...

Libya’s Destruction A Warning To Egypt, Syria, And Ukraine

Tony Cartalucci RT’s article, “90% of aircraft destroyed at Tripoli airport, Libya may seek international assistance,” reported that: Libya is considering a deployment of international force...

Benghazi, the CIA, and the War in Libya

The unfolding violence and chaos in Libya’s second city of Benghazi should be understood as a power struggle between competing factions, each struggling to...

CIA-backed general makes a bid for power in Libya

Simon Assaf Western backed general Khalifa Haftar is attempting a coup in Libya. On 18 May he attacked the national parliament and rival militias. Haftar was head...

Fighting between militias intensifies in Libya

Three weeks before a general election set for June 25, Libya is at the point of disintegration. Militias supporting rival interim prime ministers are...

Interview 898 — Libya Update with James and JoAnne Moriarty and Furaj Muftah

As Libya continues to deteriorate, the US-backed General Khalifa Belqasim Haftar is fighting the extremist Islamists in the country even as the US continues to fund, equip and support them. Amidst the chaos and destabilization, the Libyan tribes are speaking out and condemning the actions and statements of the US and US Ambassador to Libya Deborah Jones...but the west, for the most part, isn\'t listening. Today we are joined once again by James and JoAnne Moriarty of LibyanWarTheTruth.com and Warfallah tribal spokesman Faraj Muftah for the latest on the ground in Libya.

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Chaos in Libya: How the US-NATO War Destabilized North Africa and Now Threatens Europe

Timothy Alexander Guzman, Silent Crow News – Libya has been steadily deteriorating politically and economically since the US-NATO invasion of 2011. The South African based News24 reported that a battle had erupted between rebel forces that ousted President Muammar Gaddafi and Islamist militants in the eastern city of Benghazi. Khalifa Haftar (who helped the West remove Gaddafi) and his ‘National Army’ were seeking to “Purge” Libya of suspected terrorists. There were witnesses and even a reporter from the Agence-France Presse (AFP) who actually saw what happened at the scene. “The witnesses said a group led by Khalifa Haftar, a former rebel chief in the 2011 uprising that toppled Muammar Gaddafi, was backed by warplanes that pounded a barracks occupied by the Islamist “February 17 Brigade” militia” the report said. “Militiamen responded by opening up with anti-aircraft fire.” Both groups also battled in the Sidi Fradj area in the south of Benghazi. According to News24 “Haftar’s group calls itself the “National Army” and a spokesperson for the force, Mohammed Al-Hijazi, told a local broadcaster it has launched “a large-scale operation to flush terrorist groups out of Benghazi”. Interestingly, the Chief of Staff of the army Abdessalem Jadallah al-Salihin “denied the force was involved in clashes in Benghazi.” So who does Khalifa Haftar represent? “In a statement on national television, Salihin called on “the army and revolutionaries to oppose any armed group that tries to control Benghazi by force of arms”. It confirms that Libya is in a chaotic situation. Many former soldiers have joined the ‘National Army’ after constant attacks by various militias and elements of Al-Qaeda since the US-NATO invasion had ended.

The Libyan government currently in power has seen constant violence against its security forces, government officials and even foreigners since the Obama administration ordered “regime change” in the North African country. The intervention in Libya began when President Obama declared “Today I authorized the Armed Forces of the United States to begin a limited military action in Libya in support of an international effort to protect Libyan civilians” and “In this effort, the United States is acting with a broad coalition that is committed to enforcing United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973, which calls for the protection of the Libyan people.” The Libyan people have been the victims of Western Imperial powers that sought control over oil supplies and other resources.

The European Union should also be concerned that terrorists can launch attacks against its member states as former Libyan Prime Minister Ali Zeidan had warned last month in a report by Al Arabiya News. He said “Libya is in danger of becoming an Al-Qaeda terror base for attacks targeting European countries like Britain and France” he also said that “Libya could be a base for Al-Qaeda for any operation to Italy, to Britain, to France, to Spain, to Morocco, to everywhere. Weapons are everywhere, ammunition is everywhere.” What would happen if a terrorist attack did occur on European territory, especially when its economy is in decline? With austerity measures imposed on millions of working class people all across Europe, a terrorist attack by al-Qaeda or its affiliates would allow European governments to clamp down on anti-austerity protests in the name of fighting terror. It would be a convenient excuse to do so. Let’s hope it does not go that far.

Reuters also reported that the Pentagon has relocated 200 Marines from Spain to Sicily in case the situation spirals out of control. Reuters stated the Pentagon’s main concern is over the security of its US embassies, but the Libyan government might lose control of its oilfields if the civil war intensifies:

The Pentagon declined to single out any countries but two U.S. officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, said American concerns were centered squarely on Libya, where armed groups and Islamists refused to disarm after the 2011 ouster of Muammar Gaddafi.” The report also said that “The Marines are part of a crisis response unit focused on embassy security created after the attack on the U.S. diplomatic compound in Benghazi, Libya, on September 11, 2012, which killed U.S. Ambassador Christopher Stevens and three other Americans

Pentagon spokesman, Colonel Steve Warren said that the Marines can handle other missions besides providing security for US personal as Reuters explained “Warren stressed that while the Marines were “unquestionably” focused on the protection of embassies, he did not rule out the possibility they could be called upon for a different mission.” Libya’s civil war has not helped the economy increase oil production due to its relentless infighting between terrorist groups and tribal militias. Libya is one of the main oil exporters to Europe. If the situation worsens, then the US Marines would be ordered to protect the oilfields at any cost. Reuters also released a report on Libya’s oil supply and how the government attempted to increase oil production when it negotiated a deal with protesters:

Libya’s El Feel oilfield has been shut again by protests and the OPEC producer’s El Sharara field remains closed, bringing national oil output down to about 200,000 barrels per day (bpd) – far from the 1.4 million bpd pumped last year. On Monday, the government said it was bringing western oilfields and pipelines back up after reaching a deal with protesters, and output had slowly clawed back to around 300,000 bpd

Rising tensions between the Libyan government, terrorist organizations and local militias has Washington, Brussels and multinational oil corporations concerned. If the Libyan government were to lose control of the oilfields, it would disrupt the EU’s oil supply and raise prices at the pump. The US and EU’s decision to remove Muammar Gaddafi has created a terrorist haven in North Africa. However, Brussels is under Washington’s orders, so NATO forces invaded Libya and imposed a new government even though European bureaucrats knew about the political and economic consequences it might have in the future. Since the US-NATO alliance defeated Libyan forces and replaced Gaddafi with the National Transitional Council of Libya, they secured oil exports for Western markets at least for a short period of time. Now internal conflicts for power and economic control are becoming more intense as former rebels and various terrorist groups from Syria and Iraq enter Libya with their own agendas. It creates a dangerous scenario as terrorist organizations expand their operations to other areas of Africa and even possibly Europe.

Brussels obviously knew that there would be consequences of a “humanitarian intervention” in Libya when they collaborated with Washington. They knew how Europe would be affected in the foreseeable future, it was predictable. But they saw political and economic opportunities by removing Gaddafi from power. It is also important to understand that the US and its European partners were also concerned with Gaddafi’s plan to launch the gold dinar as a single African currency, a clear threat against the dollar and euro hegemony on the African continent. Brussels may be just following orders, after all Washington was instrumental in the creation of NATO in the first place. Either way, the people on both sides of the Mediterranean Sea will suffer at the expense of Western Imperialism and their reckless foreign policies.

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Interview 855 — Faraj Muftah Describes the Fall of Libya

Today we continue last week\'s conversation with James and JoAnne Moriarty of LibyanWarTheTruth.com and bring Faraj Muftah into the conversation. Muftah is a spokesman for the Warfalla tribe, the largest Arab tribe in Libya. We discuss the NATO-backed, Al-CIAda mercenary-led invasion of Libya in 2011 and how the very radical terrorists that the US claims to be fighting against are the ones in charge of the country today with the full backing and support of the US government. We also talk about the situation on the ground today and what life is like for the average Libyan.

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The failed coup that culminated in last month’s kidnapping of Libyan PM Ali Zeidan demonstrated the central government’s glaring lack of authority. Lawlessness has become an everyday feature of life; foreign embassies are targeted and attacked, rival militias and branches of Al-Qaeda vie for power, and the country’s borders are porous and outside the government’s control.

In another symbolic blow, a federalist movement in the eastern Cyrenaica region has declared an autonomous regional government. This region, known as Barqah, was the cradle of the revolt against Muammar Gaddafi and has been historically marginalized, despite being a generator of economic activity, with 80 percent of Libya's proven oil reserves and several strategic ports and oil refineries within its territory.
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American Raids in Libya and Somalia Expose Military Lawlessness

Jessica Desvarieux, TRNN Producer: Welcome to The Real News Network. I'm Jessica Desvarieux in Baltimore. And welcome to this edition of The Ratner Report.

Now joining us is Michael Ratner. He is president emeritus of the Center for Constitutional Rights, and he's also a board member for The Real News Network.

It's always a pleasure having you on, Michael. Thanks for being with us.

Ratner: It's good to be with you, Jessica, and The Real News.

Desvarieux: Michael, what are you working on this week?

Ratner: You never know what's going to happen when you open the newspaper every day. Last week was October 5. I was actually shocked to read that the U.S. had kidnapped a man named Abu Anas al-Liby from Tripoli in Libya, a man who was under indictment in the United States for being involved in the Nairobi embassy bombing in some way. They kidnapped him out of Tripoli. And on the same day, apparently, they did a military attack on a town in Somalia to supposedly kill or capture a man that was with Shabaab known by the name of Ikrima.

And when I say you never know it's going to happen, you like to think that after 9/11, some of these incredible departures from law and into lawlessness might have started to decline. Perhaps in some way somewhere they have. But these two kidnapping [incompr.] are not an indication that we've departed from the post-9/11 utter lawlessness of the U.S. military, the U.S. government, and the CIA.

And what's shocking about it is is of course the fact that there's so little reaction in the United States to it. Kidnapping, and now disappearances, seem to be just par for the course by the United States, despite the fact that the United States in both cases was going into sovereign countries with kidnappings and armed attacks. Broadly let's look first and probably [incompr.] look in most detail at the kidnapping of Abu Aanas al-Liby out of Tripoli. Broadly it says something about the war in Libya, because what the United States said and what was quoted widely is that Libya has become--Tripoli in particular, I think, maybe other parts as well--a center for jihadists and people, and it has broken down and no real government. It's lawless. And, of course, this is a war that I opposed and that many others progressive people opposed. And you see what happens. Whatever people thought of the government of Libya before the invasion, it's certainly turned out to be, seemingly, an utter disaster that's really--now the U.S. itself admits there's hardly anything left of the place in a certain way.

And that goes to the first issue, really, which is, when you go into a country and you kidnap someone out of it, you need the authority of the country to cross their border. The UN Charter, international law, customary law absolutely prohibits across-border kidnapping, cross-border invasion. It's Article 2.4. It's a crime, illegal. It's completely illegal without the consent of the country. And in this case there's not even a real claim by the U.S. that there was consent. They said somehow that, well, a few months ago we talked to some people in Libya or the government, whatever that was. Others have said, well, there's no point to talking to anybody because, going back to my earlier point, there's no real government in Libya. So the first thing that was illegal about kidnapping of Abu Anas, in my view, is crossing the border of Libya and taking him.

The second thing is: on what basis could they take him? Did they have the right, even assuming Libya consented, to go in and get him? Just remember, Abu Anas was indicted in an American federal court, one here in New York. Why didn't they ask for his extradition? Why didn't they ask for his arrest and take him out with legal channels? The U.S. has never come up with an explanation as to why an indicted person that wanted in the United States, why they didn't ask for that person's extradition or legal procedures to take him out of Libya.

The only other way the U.S. could actually go into a country and kidnap someone or stop them is if they were actually in a war zone as a combatant and they essentially had their finger on a button that was going to attack the United States or involved in a war against the United States. No one claims al-Liby was doing that at that point. He was living in Tripoli. He was living with his family. There's no justification that this was a war zone vis-à-vis the United States. So the U.S.v has no claim here. They weren't allowed to cross into the border and take him. He was indicted. They could have taken him by extradition. And they certainly couldn't justify it by a war.

Then you look at a second set of rights of al-Liby that were violated. You know, these pickups or kidnapping are not done in a peaceful way. We know how they're done. They're done with six or eight or ten--and in this case there were eyewitnesses--three trucks pulling up, guns pulled. And what they do in the normal case--I don't know all the details here--but they strip the person down, they put a suppository in them, and they get them out of the country somehow, put him in a coffin box, put him in an airplane, really conduct that amounts to cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment, if not torture, to just get him out of the country.

You would think that in this case, after they got him out of the country, maybe they'd bring him right to the United States because he actually is indicted in a federal court here in New York where I'm giving this interview from. But no, that's not what they did. They put him on a ship somewhere in the world, where he's going to be interrogated without a lawyer, without the warnings that anything he says can be used against him. So they're going to interrogate him rather than bring him to court for trial. Now, in my view the law is that as soon as he's taken by the United States, I don't care whether it's the Department of Justice, the CIA, the FBI, the military, whoever it is, he has a right to get a lawyer because he's been indicted. But that's not what the U.S. is doing any longer, if it ever did. It's violating the law. It's saying, we'll interrogate him first. After we interrogate him, then maybe then we'll decide what we'll do with him, even though he's indicted. And, of course, that interrogation on a boat is illegal altogether because under the Geneva Conventions, assuming the U.S. is even paying lip service, you're not allowed to be held on a boat wandering around the world. That's explicitly prohibited by Article 22 of the Geneva Conventions.

In this case, an interesting wrinkle happened. They put him on a boat and they expected to interrogate him about whatever they thought he might know. But apparently he wasn't talking, and apparently he went on a hunger strike and a liquid hunger strike and wasn't eating. And he, according to the news reports, has hepatitis C and was getting sicker and sicker. Therefore he couldn't really be interrogated. And a week or so later, they had to bring him into the United States, into federal court, where he was finally given a lawyer, presumably given Miranda warnings, and has pled not guilty to the various crimes for which he's been indicted.

But the point is this practice of kidnapping, kidnapping violently, putting into interrogation, and then finally taking him into a federal court, it's utterly lawless and utterly illegal. And sadly, it goes along, it goes along with what we've been learning since 9/11 about what our country has been doing. It goes along with renditions to torture, Guantanamo, torture, kidnappings, and the like. And it doesn't seem that under this new Obama--or relatively new five-year-old Obama administration that these practices are changing.

Really the point I think I'm making here is we are living in a different world. We're living in a place in which one of our goals as not just progressives but as human beings is to dismantle this system of illegal kidnappings, torture, interrogation without attorneys, utter lawlessness. It reminds me--and I'll end on this note--I remember how we all opposed what we called Operation Condor, which was run by Pinochet in Chile, in which he picked up people all over the world, took them to torture camps, or murdered them. Sad to say, Operation Condor, you know, you can rename it whatever we want to rename it, but it's certainly being carried out by the United States today.

Desvarieux: Michael Ratner, always a pleasure having you on. Thanks for being with us.

Ratner: Thanks for having me on The Real News.

Desvarieux: And thank you for joining us on The Real News Network.

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Prime Minister Zeidan was held over suspicion that he allowed al-Libi’s abduction to take place, despite publicly raising concerns over the illegality of the snatch to US authorities. Reports indicate that Zeidan's abductors were not willing to let him go, and that another militia – calling itself the 'Reinforcement Force' – intervened and freed the prime minister by force. The Libyan leader escaped unharmed, certainly the best scenario that could have resulted from this crisis. Information trickled out slowly in the tense few-hour period during which Zeidan’s whereabouts were unknown, and had allied militias not come to his aid, the situation could have spiraled into a hostage crisis or worse.

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Six kidnapped in armed assault on private Libyan TV station

Published time: March 08, 2013 01:17

A Libyan man checks the site of a break-in at Alassema television station in Tripoli on March 7, 2013 (AFP Photo / Mahmud Turkia)

Dozens of armed assailants stormed a private TV station in Tripoli on Thursday, abducting its owner and five staff, releasing most captives soon after. The parliament’s human rights commission has urged the interior ministry to take immediate action.

An editor at the state-owned Lana network said the attackers locked the other workers inside one office, torched the surroundings and fled with the six hostages in a jeep to an undisclosed location. They later released five people, but kept Joumaa al-Usta, the wealthy owner, captive

One of the anchors at the Alassema station where the attack took place, Mohammed al-Sharkassi, told another news network that he had also been accosted outside his workplace by “individuals who identified themselves as former rebels.” He told Libya al-Ahrar television that he would be freed if he left Tripoli immediately. He added that the rebels were angered by the channel’s editorial policies, giving no further details.

Libya al-Ahrar says the attack occurred in the afternoon. The assailants stormed the channel, entering through the windows. The Lana network added that the gunmen smashed equipment. Security forces arrived at the scene promptly after the attack.

Libyan security forces stand guard outside Alassema television station in Tripoli on March 7, 2013 (AFP Photo / Mahmud Turkia)

The precise origin of the perpetrators is unknown, although a Lana editor views the attack as a response to Alassema’s persistent criticism of the rebels’ and as revenge for the channel’s coverage of the attack on the National General Congress earlier in the week, when a siege lasted for hours. The lawmakers were at work on a bill to prevent officials from the Gaddafi era from holding political posts in future.

The Alassema station has ties to Libya’s National Forces Coalition, who bested the Muslim Brotherhood in the legislative elections in July of last year. The liberal coalition’s head, Mahmoud Jibril – the country’s western-inclined ex-prime minister, masterminded the 2011 coup that ousted Muammar Gaddafi.

Since Gaddafi’s overthrow, media has flourished. But during the bloody revolution that lasted from February to October, pitting Gaddafi loyalists against rebels and NATO forces, tens of thousands lost their lives and the economy of the oil-rich country was dealt a huge blow.

A Libyan man checks the site of a break-in at Alassema television station in Tripoli on March 7, 2013 (AFP Photo / Mahmud Turkia)


NATO’s War on Libya and Africa

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NATO’s war in Libya was proclaimed as a humanitarian intervention — bombing in the name of “saving lives.” Attempts at diplomacy were stifled. Peace talks were subverted. Libya was barred from representing itself at the UN, where shadowy NGOs and “human rights” groups held full sway in propagating exaggerations, outright falsehoods, and racial fear mongering that served to sanction atrocities and ethnic cleansing in the name of democracy. The rush to war was far speedier than Bush’s invasion of Iraq.

Max Forte has scrutinized the documentary history from before, during, and after the war. He argues that the war on Libya was not about human rights, nor entirely about oil, but about a larger process of militarizing U.S. relations with Africa. The development of the Pentagon’s Africa Command, or AFRICOM, was in fierce competition with Pan-Africanist initiatives such as those spearheaded by Muammar Gaddafi.

Far from the success NATO boasts about or the “high watermark” proclaimed by proponents of the “Responsibility to Protect,” this war has left the once prosperous, independent and defiant Libya in ruin, dependency and prolonged civil strife.

Slouching Towards Sirte:
NATO’s War on Libya and Africa

by Maximilian Forte

AVAILABLE TO ORDER FROM GLOBAL RESEARCH!

ISBN: 978-1-926824-52-9Year: 2012
Pages: 352 with 27 BW photos, 3 maps
Publisher: Baraka Books

Price: $24.95

CLICK TO ORDER FROM GLOBAL RESEARCH

This title is also available in E-Book format. Click here for more information.

About humanitarian imperialism, Max Forte writes:

“Desperate to finally be seen as the liberators of Arabs, rescuing poor victims with the finest of American exports (human rights), some would understandably feel compelled to exploit the suffering of others (residents fleeing Sirte) and turn that into something worthy of celebration. This is an example of the abduction process at the centre of Western, liberal humanitarianism: it can only function by first directly or indirectly creating the suffering of others, and by then seeing every hand as an outstretched hand, pleading or welcoming. We see (or imagine) helpless others, gobbling morsels of food that we hand them, brown mouths chugging down water from our plastic bottles, and we feel accomplished. Our moral might is reaffirmed by the physical plight of others. Clearly, the humanitarian relation is not a relation between equals. We are not our “brothers’ keepers” then, but rather we are more like animal keepers. Bombing for us is really just an animal management technology, and our relationship to the world remains a zoological one.” (Slouching Towards Sirte, p. 97.)

A War for Human Rights
(by Max Forte – in The Political Bouillon)

The war in Libya never happened. At least that is what one might think, considering the dearth of serious analysis and critical reflection in Canada since our participation in NATO’s bombardment campaign ended a year ago. Yet in Libya, in many ways the war is still happening…Read more..

Brendan Stone interviews Max Forte as he discusses his book SLOUCHING TOWARDS SIRTE

Praise, Reviews

Slouching Towards Sirte is a penetrating critique, not only of the NATO intervention in Libya, but of the concept of humanitarian intervention and imperialism in our time. It is the definitive treatment of NATO’s war on Libya. It is difficult to imagine it will be surpassed.”
-Stephen Gowans, What’s Left, Read More

“Forte’s allegations that NATO’s war was manufactured by liberal interventionists and “iPad imperialists” whose agenda to disrupt African independence and execute regime change under the “fig leaf” of saving lives are chilling—and persuasive. So too is the timeline of events between the start of the protests and the propagandist hysteria promulgated online. Even though Forte couches descriptions of Gaddafi in amorphous, guarded language, he isn’t an apologist. In this provocative and unabashedly direct book, Forte speaks truth to power.”
-ForeWord Reviews, January 4, 2013, read full review…

The Public Archive identified Slouching Towards Sirte as one of 10 Books for 2012 on its Black Radical Reading List.

Maximilian C. Forte is a professor of anthropology in Montreal, Canada. He teaches courses in the field of political anthropology dealing with “the new imperialism,” Indigenous resistance movements and philosophies, theories and histories of colonialism, and critiques of the mass media. Max is a founding member of Anthropologists for Justice and Peace.

Slouching Towards Sirte:
NATO’s War on Libya and Africa

by Maximilian Forte

ISBN: 978-1-926824-52-9
Year: 2012
Pages: 352 with 27 BW photos, 3 maps
Publisher: Baraka Books

Price: $24.95

CLICK TO ORDER FROM GLOBAL RESEARCH

British Royal Navy to send frigate to Libya to boost defense sales

The British Royal Navy Type 23 frigate HMS Westminster (Reuters / Darrin Zammit Lupi)

The British Royal Navy Type 23 frigate HMS Westminster (Reuters / Darrin Zammit Lupi)

Amid an undeclared arms race among European defense contractors to reequip Libya’s armed forces, Britain is sending a Royal Navy war ship to Tripoli to act as a floating show room for security firms.

A British government agency, UK Trade and Investment (UKTI), is organizing an arms fair on a Royal Navy frigate, which will dock in Tripoli, Libya at the beginning of April.

UKTI has so far refused to disclose exactly what businesses will be there and what gear they will be showcasing.

“There is a scramble among European arms firms to sell to Libya with the Italians and French leading the way. In 2001 before the imposition of the arms embargo, EU countries had approved licenses to Libya worth 34 million euro,” Kaye Stearman, Media Co-ordinator for the Campaign Against Arms Trade (CAAT) told RT.

UKTI describes the event on its website as “an opportunity for UK defense and security to promote equipment and services to the Libyan navy aboard a Royal Navy vessel in Tripoli” and that it hoped to “attract key senior military personal from the Libyan government”.

A UN arms embargo is still in place and with the UK Foreign Office describing Libya as a “country of concern” with regard to its human rights abuses; Britain is restricted in terms of what it can sell. Sir John Stanley, who chairs the committees of arms export control, has said he expects the government to adhere to the criteria of arms export licenses.

UKTI has said that no weapons will be offered for sale and the Libyans will be offered specialist equipment for port security, such as inflatable dinghies or uniforms.

However, Stearman believes that the sale of arms is the ultimate priority of the event.

“When an arms company takes part in an arms fair or exhibition, it is with the expectation of sales, and it is hard to believe that the only equipment on sale will relate to security,” she said.

The exhibition appears to be part of a wider policy by the UK government of a strategy to foster relations with countries where Britain has security and business interests.

In the past the UKTO listed Libya as a “priority market” for UK arms sales, which were openly sold to Gaddafi’s regime before the uprising against him. There was also a Libyan delegation at the Farnborough Air Show in July 2012, which showcased British aerospace defense equipment such as the Typhoon fighter jet.

Speaking at the Farnborough airshow last year Chris Baker, the operations director of UKTI’s defense arm, said the UKTI was looking at Libya’s border and maritime security and “at rebuilding their defense infrastructure” and “getting their air force back on its feet from scratch”.

By March 2011 British companies had won £62 million ($95.8 million) worth of arms exports to Gaddafi since the arms embargo on Libya was lifted in October 2004. Since the fall of Gaddafi, Britain has also offered to train Libya’s army and police.

But prominent Libyans have raised concerns that the race to win defense contract could end up with weapons falling into the wrong hands, in a country which is already awash with weapons and where security is a major issue.

“I can’t see the point in having this kind of exhibition in Libya now. One of our problems is that there are arms everywhere,” Hassan el-Amin, who is chair of the congress communications committee, and lived in Britain for 28 years, told the Guardian.

Barry Gardiner, Labour MP for Brent North, said he was not against Britain having a strong arms industry, which exports worldwide, but questioned the timing of the fair and was saddened by the UKTI attempting to establish a relationship with a country in terms of arms when Britain has so many other things for sale.

“I think it is deeply regrettable that the first thing the UK should be trying to export to a country recovering from a conflict situation is arms. It would be much better if we were offering them support in other ways such as helping to rebuild their infrastructure,” Gardiner told RT.

Stearman also voiced concern that the UKTI has not released a date for the exhibition or said which companies will be attending and said that “part of the reason for the lack of information about this event, is that the government would be embarrassed by a more high profile event”.

A survey carried out by the Sunday Times in 2011found that 77% of the British public felt it was wrong to sell arms to Gaddafi’s regime.

“What is needed in Libya are efforts to demilitarize and invest in civil infrastructure,” said Stearman.

Libyans to mark 2nd uprising anniversary

Libyan security forces patrol the streets in Benghazi on February 16, 2013.

Libya is set to mark the second anniversary of an uprising that toppled former Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi.

Libyan Prime Minister Ali Zeidan announced on Saturday that the government had taken a series of security measures for the event, which is due to take place on Sunday.

A number of checkpoints have been set up across the streets in the capital, Tripoli, and the eastern city of Benghazi, which is Libya’s second largest city and the hub of the revolution.


International flights have also been suspended at all airports except in Tripoli and Benghazi.

Earlier this week, the Libyan prime minister announced a four-day closure of the country’s borders with Egypt and Tunisia.

Meanwhile, the opposition has called for demonstrations across the country. It says the government has failed to rebuild Libya, which still lacks a permanent constitution.

Libyans rose up against Gaddafi’s four-decade rule in February 2011 and deposed him in August 2011.

The deposed Libyan ruler died of injuries sustained during his capture on October 20, 2011, by the National Transitional Council (NTC) fighters in the northern city of Sirte - his hometown.

NT/MRS/HSN

New Report: Brennan’s ‘Black Ops’ In Libya Caused “Benghazigate”, Stevens Death

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Benghazigate’ continues to unravel, and the man who’s front and center at this week’s Washington DC hearings is now being blamed for the villa siege last September…

According to a new investigative book published by two former US special operations soldiers, and serialised exclusively in yesterday’s Daily Mail, former CIA Director, David Petraeus, was blackmailed by two senior CIA officers into resigning and was made to publicly admit to his affair with intelligence operative Paula Broadwell. Of course, this angle of the story will surely drive book sales, but it’s not the most significant revelation in the story…

Drone-Master J: John Brennan

In their book which is due to be release tomorrow entitled, Benghazi: The Definitive Report, authors Jack Murphy (Army Green Beret) and co-author Brandon Webb (Navy SEAL and friend of Glen Doherty who died in the Benghazi siege) also revealed that ‘Drone-Master J’John O. Brennan - President Barack Obama’s current CIA Director nominee who was the President’s own deputy NSA advisor at the time, had been authorizing covert ‘unilateral operations outside of the traditional command structure’, using the Pentagon’s Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) across Libya and North Africa. It is Brennan’s black ops that are said to have prompted retaliation inside Libya that led to the September 11 Benghazi compound siege that killed four Americans, including ‘Ambassador’ Chris Stevens and three other Americans.

It’s worth noting here that the Benghazi siege was initially blamed by Hillary Clinton, Susan Rice and the entire US media and the BBC at the time – on a highly deceptive YouTube film entitled, “The Innocence of Muslims”. That was the first stages of the cover-up.

So, according to the new book, it’s John O. Brennan who was the architect of events that led to the debacle known as Benghazigate? Apparently, yes, but not quite…

Murphy and Webb’s book, although very hard-hitting and well-researched, through what the authors describe as “a vast network of military insiders and intelligence officers to uncover the ‘untold’ story behind the attacks”,focuses on the Petraeus Affair, but only provides surface detail on the actual nature of US Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens’s mission there in Libya.

Nor do the authors explain that the compound in question was not an “Embassy” in Benghazi as the Obama White House first referred to it, nor was it a “US Consulate”, or a “CIA safe house” as came to be known in later reports. Susanne Posel of OccupyCorporatism.com, reports what is more likely to be the real story:

“In Benghazi, Stevens stayed at a gated-villa, leased by the US State Department from a local man named Mohammad al-Bishari. The villa in Benghazi was not a US Embassy, diplomatic mission or extension of the embassy. In fact, the nearest US Embassy is Tripoli. This location housed Stevens where he spoke with the NTC, a defaco-government in Libya that assisted the US in the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011.

Stevens had previously been designated as a special representative to the NTC during the US-controlled Libyan revolution. To mask Stevens new role, he was given US Ambassador status by Hillary Clinton, Secretary of State, and stationed in Tripoli.

Bishari has confirmed that Stevens would stay at the villa when he met with the NTC. Stevens’ mission in Benghazi was to gather intelligence for the CIA “conducting surveillance and collecting information on an array of armed militant groups in and around the city.”

Hand in the honey pot: Petraeus and Broadwell.

According to The Mail story, Petraeus’s ousters were,’high-level career officers on the CIA who got the ball rolling on the investigation’. The Mail exclusive goes on to explain how the Petraeus story unfolded and triggered a ‘palace coup’:

“The authors say that senior intelligence officers working on the 7th floor of Central Intelligence headquarters in Langley, Virginia, used their political clout to ensure that the FBI investigated the former Army general’s personal life.

They then told Petraeus that they would publicly humiliate him if he didn’t admit the affair and resign.

‘It was well known to Petraeus’s Personal Security Detachment (bodyguards) that he and Broadwell were having an affair. He wasn’t the only high-ranking Agency head or general engaged in extramarital relations, but when the 7th floor wanted Petraeus out, they cashed in their chips,’ Webb and Murphy write.

The book continues: ‘The reality of the situation is that high-ranking CIA officers had already discovered the affair by consulting with Petraeus’s PSD and then found a way to initiate an FBI investigation in order to create a string of evidence and an investigative trail that led to the information they already had—in other words, an official investigation that could be used to force Petraeus to resign.’

… Senior officials were furious over the way he had been running the agency since he was appointed in September 2011… He was turning the agency’s focus from intelligence gathering and analysis to paramilitary operations, including drone strikes.”

What they reveal about the Petraeus scandal is that the sensational extramarital affair was deployed in the media in order to keep the public distracted from the real story.

Chris Stevens and CIA gun-running

According to the Daily Mail, Webb and Murphy’s book does document that “Stevens likely helped consolidate as many weapons as possible after the war to safeguard them, at which point Brennan exported them overseas to start another conflict”.

Although both authors, who run a website called SOFREP.com - a news site written and edited by current and former members of the special operations community, appear to be ‘well-positioned’ to access classified insider information about events and a ‘vast network’ of contacts in the game, they could have gone a lot deeper into what are now mainstream allegations: that Chris Stevens was CIA point man for running illegal guns out of Libya via Turkey into Syria for the Free Syrian Army (FSA). Even Kentucky Senator Rand Paul challenged Hillary Clinton on these charges, but was stonewalled by the outgoing Secretary of State.

The book says that Stevens was aiding John Brennan in highly illegal international gun-running, a fact alone that should (in theory, anyway) kill Brennan in the CIA directorate conformation hearings this week in Washington DC. It’s amazing how this aspect of the story is given a back seat to a sex scandal – which makes us suspicious of this book, and its peculiar timing.

Posel also explains Stevens role as CIA gun-runner:

“Some of Stevens’ deals for arms can be realized in the artillery and weapons being funneled to the Free Syrian Army (FSA) in Syria who are fighting the proxy war for the US. Stevens became the “liaison” between US-sponsored terrorist factions and the movement of arms to Syria to assist the FSA.

Shipments to the FSA have come from Saudi Arabia where the Salafi terrorists originated and the Partisans of Sharia is used to further subversive interests. Thanks to the US, the Saudi government and Stevens, the FSA are the most heavily armed state-sponsored jihadist group in the Middle East.

In reality, Islamic terrorist factions that work with the US were employed by the Saudi Arabian government to take out one of Petraeus’ CIA spies. That spy’s name was J. Christopher Stevens.”

Author, former SEAL Brandon Webb

Author, former Ranger Jack Murphy

Chemical Weapons to Syria

The other obvious and very big aspect of this story which they also miss, is the very visible thread which first appeared in early Dec 2012 of reports ‘chemical weapons in Syria’, and these are likely to have originated in Libya – in the form of Gadaffi’s aging chemical weapons stocks being smuggled out of Libya and into the hands of the FSA in Syria… in order to blame Syria Assad government for using “chemical weapons against his own people”.

In late December, the US intelligence community, via the US General Console in Istanbul, Turkey, appears to have set-up the thread for the Assad chemical weapons story to go public, but quickly began to back track on this talking point, practically abandoning it altogether in the end.

In ‘Benghazi: The Definitive Report’, it does appear that the authors have opened up the door to some incredible and perhaps crucial insights into events surrounding Benghazigate – and their book will make a big media splash but it seems like black-ops ‘insiders’ Murphy and Webb missed the biggest story in all of this – which just happens to be the very scandal that would certainly bring down the Obama Administration in one swoop. Amazing how these events are borne out - and not borne out in the media, as the case may be.

More and more these days, we see an endless parade of ex-Navy SEAL and ex-Special Ops commando authors – who may very well have a great black book when comes to inside info but they are not journalists, and in some cases their relationship to the special operations world may be a little too close for comfort to consider them objective and independent investigators.

To authors Murphy and Webb, you cannot call it a “Definitive Report” a few months after the event. It’s a bit cock-sure, to be sure.

We’re waiting for the sequel, the book which blows the lid on the real story.

Until then, this might just be a ‘controlled media detonation’.
-

Capture

-
‘Benghazi: The Definitive Report,’ written by Brandon Webb and Jack Murphy, is published by William Morrow Company, an imprint of HarperCollins. It will be available for download in ebook format on Tuesday.

Proof MI6 and MI5 Aided Libyan Torture

Abdelhakim_Belhadj
New evidence has emerged that proves the UK was complicit in the kidnap and torture of a Libyan man. For over a decade British politicians including  Gordon Brown, Jack Straw and David Miliband have strongly denied that the UK had involvement with torture. Crucially, the files detail a meeting between senior heads of MI6,  MI5 and Gaddafi's external intelligence agency.

British Police Investigating Lockerbie Bombing To Visit Libya

British police investigating the Lockerbie bombing are to visit Libya, it was disclosed on Thursday. David Cameron announced that officers from the Dumfries and Galloway force had been granted permission to visit the country at a joint press conferenc...

David Cameron Makes Surprise Visit To Libya, Pledges Security Help

David Cameron pledged help to bolster the police and army in Libya today as he made an unannounced visit to the country. The Prime Minister said Britain was ready to provide training and advice amid growing concern about the security situation in the ...

David Cameron Makes Surprise Visit To Libya, Pledges Security Help

David Cameron pledged help to bolster the police and army in Libya today as he made an unannounced visit to the country. The Prime Minister said Britain was ready to provide training and advice amid growing concern about the security situation in the ...

Putin links Algeria attack, Mali unrest to Libyan upheaval

President Vladimir Putin (RIA Novosti / Aleksey Nikolskyi)

President Vladimir Putin (RIA Novosti / Aleksey Nikolskyi)

The Algerian hostage tragedy came as a result of the regional unrest fueled by revolts in Libya and Syria, which led to uncontrollable weapons proliferation, Russian President Vladimir Putin said on Thursday.

Speaking at a Moscow ceremony where foreign ambassadors received their credentials, the president stressed that Russia continues to stand for diplomatic solutions to the world's most pressing political problems.

Putin urged the world's leaders “to have a look at the developments in the Middle East,” noting that the Syrian conflict has been raging nonstop now for nearly two years.

The president voiced Russia’s concerns regarding the situation in Africa, saying the current crisis in Mali and the hostage tragedy in Algeria are directly connected to the military solution of the 2011 Libyan uprising.

Upheaval in Libya, accompanied by the uncontrolled proliferation of arms, contributed to the deterioration of the situation in Mali. Terrorist attacks in Algeria that took away the lives of innocent people – including those from foreign countries – became the consequences of such tragic developments,” Putin said.

In the light of these events, Russia is especially committed to upholding the rule of law and the central role of the United Nations, Putin underlined.

Russia “feels responsible for maintaining global security and is set to cooperate with its partners in order to address global concerns,” the president added.

Putin’s comments come as US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton also acknowledged the connections between the Libyan unrest and the rising violence in the region. She said there was “no doubt” that the Islamists who attacked a gas plant in Algeria got their weapons in Libya. She also blamed what many observers are now calling a security vacuum in North Africa on the Arab Spring.

"There is no doubt that the Algerian terrorists had weapons from Libya. There is no doubt that the Malian remnants of AQIM [Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb] have weapons from Libya," Clinton told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee during a hearing on the 2012 attack on the US consulate in Benghazi.

Speaking at an annual news conference Wednesday, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said the rebels fighting French and African troops in Mali were the same bunch the West armed in the revolt that led to the ouster of the Gaddafi regime.

Libya rebels deny arming Algeria captors

File photo shows rebel fighters posing near the Libyan city of Zintan.

Libya’s former Zintan rebels have denied claims by an Algerian daily that they sold arms to hostage takers at a natural gas installation in eastern Algeria.

"We deny the information published by the Algerian newspaper Echorouk accusing Zintan revolutionaries of having sold weapons used by terrorists," the military council of the Libyan city of Zintan said in a statement issued on Thursday.

Echorouk reported on Wednesday that "the first interrogations of the three terrorists captured by security services have revealed that rebels in Zintan were behind the sale of the arms used against the gas plant."

On January 16, a militant group known as the Signed-in-Blood Battalion launched an assault on the In Amenas facility, killing an Algerian and a Briton and taking several gas workers hostage at the complex.


The Signed-in-Blood Battalion said the hostage-taking incident was carried out in reprisal for the French-led war in Mali.

In a statement, the former rebels also condemned "the terrorist attack that targeted the interests and security of the Algerian people."

Zintan rebels were among the first groups to enter the Libyan capital Tripoli in August 2011, seizing a large military arsenal abandoned by the troops of former dictator Muammar Gaddafi.

Algerian Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal said on Monday that 37 foreigners of eight nationalities were killed in the hostage crisis, which ended on January 19.

TE/MHB

NATO in Syria: The Cost of a “New Libya”

Libya: Race, Empire, and the Invention of Humanitarian Emergency Posted on 10/24/12 Make No Mistake: NATO committed War Crimes in Libya Posted on 08/12/11 "Humanitarian" Wars: Libya, Syria... Algeria? Posted on 09/15/11 Chossudovsky: ...

Destroying Libya And World Order

boyle

Book Review: Destroying Libya and World Order: The Three-Decade U.S. Campaign to Reverse the Qaddafi Revolution By Francis A. Boyle

It took three decades for the United States government-spanning and working assiduously over five different presidential administrations (Reagan, Bush I, Clinton, Bush II, and Obama)-to overthrow and reverse the 1969 Qaddafi Revolution in order to resubjugate Libya, seize control over its oil fields, and dismantle its Jamahiriya system. This book tells the story of what happened, why it happened, and what was both wrong and illegal with what happened from the perspective of an international law professor and lawyer who tried for over three decades to stop it.

Francis Boyle provides a comprehensive history and critique of American foreign policy toward Libya from when the Reagan administration came to power in January of 1981 up to the 2011 NATO war on Libya that ultimately achieved the US goal of regime change. He deals with the repeated series of military conflicts and crises between the United States and Libya over the Gulf of Sidra and the fraudulent US claims of Libyan instigation of international terrorism during the eight years of the neoconservative Reagan administration. This book sets forth the inside story behind the Lockerbie bombing cases against the United States and the United Kingdom that he filed at the World Court for Colonel Qaddafi acting upon his advice–and the unjust resolution of those disputes. In 2011, under the guise of the UN R2P “responsibility to protect” doctrine newly-contrived to provide legal cover for Western intervention into third world countries, and override the UN Charter commitment to prevention of aggression and state sovereignty, the NATO assault led to 50,000 Libyan casualties and the complete breakdown of law and order. Boyle analyzes and debunks the doctrines of R2P and its immediate predecessor, “humanitarian intervention”, in accordance with the standard recognized criteria of international law. This book provides an excellent case study of the conduct of US foreign policy as it relates to international law. The concluding chapter explains how the US/NATO war against Libya has destabilized the Maghreb and Sahel, including the French military intervention into Mali.

 Professor Francis A. Boyle is an international law expert and served as Legal Advisor to the Palestine Liberation Organization and Yasser Arafat on the 1988 Palestinian Declaration of Independence, as well as to the Palestinian Delegation to the Middle East Peace Negotiations from 1991 to 1993, where he drafted the Palestinian counter-offer to the now defunct Oslo Agreement. His books include “ Palestine, Palestinians and International Law” (2003), and “ The Palestinian Right of Return under International Law” (2010).

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are of sole responsibility of the author(s). The Centre for Research on Globalization will not be responsible for any inaccurate or incorrect statement in this article. The Center of Research on Globalization grants permission to cross-post original Global Research articles on community internet sites as long as the text & title are not modified. The source and the author's copyright must be displayed. For publication of Global Research articles in print or other forms including commercial internet sites, contact: [email protected]

www.globalresearch.ca contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available to our readers under the provisions of "fair use" in an effort to advance a better understanding of political, economic and social issues. The material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving it for research and educational purposes. If you wish to use copyrighted material for purposes other than "fair use" you must request permission from the copyright owner.

For media inquiries: [email protected]

Sectarian Violence and the Plight of Christians in Libya, Palestine, Egypt and Syria: Moscow...

Politics or Religion? Christian Manifesto's Primary Target is President Barack Obama

Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill said he was concerned by the plight of Christian communities in the Middle East during a meeting with the Lebanese President Michel Sulayman on Monday.
“We see Christians fleeing Middle Eastern countries, and we consider it a threat to peace and security, especially a threat to inter-religious peace in Lebanon and other states,” the head of the Russian Orthodox Church said.

Lebanon has the largest percentage of Christians among all Middle Eastern nations, though no official figures have been available since the last census in 1926. Many Syrian Christians, who fled the ongoing civil conflict in the country, have settled in Lebanese border towns.

“I would like to assure you that the Russian Orthodox Church is ready to assist in solving the complicated issues that we have just discussed,” the patriarch said.

In the early 20th century, about 20 percent of the Middle East population were Christians, but the figure has now dwindled to around five percent.

According to Terry Waite, a Church of England envoy and a hostage negotiator in Lebanon, many Christians were forced to flee their homes after the Arab Spring, including in Syria, Egypt and Libya. The Christian population is also dwindling in the Palestinian Territories, while in Iraq over 300,000 Christians have fled persecution since the fall of Saddam Hussein’s regime.

Disclaimer: The contents of this article are of sole responsibility of the author(s). The Centre for Research on Globalization will not be responsible for any inaccurate or incorrect statement in this article. The Center of Research on Globalization grants permission to cross-post original Global Research articles on community internet sites as long as the text & title are not modified. The source and the author's copyright must be displayed. For publication of Global Research articles in print or other forms including commercial internet sites, contact: [email protected]

www.globalresearch.ca contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available to our readers under the provisions of "fair use" in an effort to advance a better understanding of political, economic and social issues. The material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving it for research and educational purposes. If you wish to use copyrighted material for purposes other than "fair use" you must request permission from the copyright owner.

For media inquiries: [email protected]

Copyright © Ria Novosti, RIA Novosti, 2013

Hague: Libya Intervention Stopped North Africa Terror ‘From Being Worse’

The threat of extremism in North Africa could be "much worse" if the West had not intervened in Libya, William Hague has warned. The Foreign Secretary told BBC Radio 4's Today programme that the spread of weapons across the region and the likelihood o...

‘Unintended Consequences of Military Intervention’: Roots of Mali, Algeria Crisis Tied to US-Led War...

(Photograph by Issouf Sanogo/AFP/Getty)In Algeria, at least 22 foreign hostages remained unaccounted for in what has been described as one of the biggest international hostage crises in decades. Islamist militants opposed to the French air strikes in neighboring Mali seized a gas facility near the Libyan border. It remains unclear how many people died on Thursday when Algerian forces stormed the desert gas complex to free the workers. Meanwhile, the Obama administration has acknowledged it is now directly aiding France’s military operation in Mali.

In the interview below, Democracy Now! speaks with Emira Woods, co-director of Foreign Policy In Focus at the Institute for Policy Studies, for insight and perspective:

© 2012 Democracy Now!

War in Libya Was Called “Success,” But Now Here We Are Engaging with the...

No scrutiny, no build-up, no parliamentary vote, not even a softening-up exercise. Britain is now involved in yet another military conflict in a Muslim land, or so we have been informed. British aircraft are flying to Mali while France bombs the country, arguing that Islamist militia must be driven back to save Europe from the creation of a “terrorist state”. Amnesty International and West Africa experts warned of the potential disaster of foreign military intervention; the bombs raining on the Malian towns of Konna, Léré and Douentza suggest they have been definitively ignored.

Mali’s current agony has only just emerged in our headlines, but the roots go back generations. Like the other Western colonial powers that invaded and conquered Africa from the 19th century onwards, France used tactics of divide-and-rule in Mali, leading to entrenched bitterness between the nomadic Tuareg people – the base of the current revolt – and other communities in Mali.Soldiers preparing a French jet at the Saint Dizier airbase in eastern France on Sunday. French fighter jets bombed rebel targets in a major city in Mali's north Sunday. (Photo: Laure-Anne Maucorps/French Army/AP)

To some Westerners, this is a distant past to be ignored, moved on from, and certainly not used to preclude noble interventions; but the consequences are still being felt on a daily basis. Initially, the French Foreign Minister, Laurent Fabius, suggested its colonial legacy ruled out a France-led intervention; its sudden involvement is far more rapid than expected.

But this intervention is itself the consequence of another. The Libyan war is frequently touted as a success story for liberal interventionism. Yet the toppling of Muammar Gaddafi’s dictatorship had consequences that Western intelligence services probably never even bothered to imagine. Tuaregs – who traditionally hailed from northern Mali – made up a large portion of his army. When Gaddafi was ejected from power, they returned to their homeland: sometimes forcibly so as black Africans came under attack in post-Gaddafi Libya, an uncomfortable fact largely ignored by the Western media.

Awash with weapons from Libya’s own turmoil, armed Tuaregs saw an opening for their long-standing dream for national self-determination. As the rebellion spread, the democratically elected President Amadou Toumani Touré was deposed in a military coup and – despite allowing a transitional civilian-led government to take power – the army retains its dominance.

There can certainly be no sympathy for the militia now fighting the Malian  government. Originally, it was the secular  nationalists of the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad who led the uprising; they have now been pushed aside by Islamist jihadists with a speed that has shocked foreign analysts. Rather than achieving an independent Tuareg state, they have far more sweeping ambitions, linking up with similar groups based in northern Nigeria. Amnesty International reports horrendous atrocities: amputations, sexual violence, the use of child soldiers, and rampant extra-judicial executions.

But don’t fall for a narrative so often pushed by the Western media: a perverse oversimplification of good fighting evil, just as we have seen imposed on Syria’s brutal civil war. Amnesty reports brutality on the part of Malian government forces, too. When the conflict originally exploded, Tuaregs were arrested, tortured, bombed and killed by the security forces, “apparently only on ethnic grounds”, Amnesty says. Last July, 80 inmates arrested by the army were stripped to their underwear, jammed into a 5sqm cell; cigarettes were burnt into their bodies; and they were forced to sodomise each other. Back in September 2012, 16 Muslim preachers belonging to the Dawa group were rounded up at a checkpoint and summarily executed by the army. These are acts committed by those who are now our allies.

When the UN Security Council unanimously paved the way for military force to be used at some point last month, experts made clear warnings that must still be listened to. The International Crisis Group urged a focus on a diplomatic solution to restore stability, arguing that intervention could exacerbate a growing inter-ethnic conflict. Amnesty warned that “an international armed intervention is likely to increase the scale of human-rights violations we are already seeing in this conflict”. Paul Rogers, professor of peace studies at Bradford University, has argued that past wars show that “once started, they can take alarming directions, have very destructive results, and often enhance the very movements they are designed to counter”.

It is conceivable that this intervention could – for a time – achieve its goals of pushing back the Islamist militias, and shore up Mali’s government. But the Libyan war was seen as a success, too; and here we are now engaging with its catastrophic blowback. In Afghanistan, Western forces remain engaged in a never-ending war which has already helped destabilised Pakistan, leading to drone attacks that have killed hundreds of civilians and unleashed further chaos. The price of Western interventions may often be ignored by our media, but it is still paid nonetheless.

Western intervention led by France, supported by Britain and with possible US drone attacks on the way will undoubtedly fuel the narrative of radical Islamist groups. As Professor Rogers puts it to me, it will be portrayed as “one more example of an assault on Islam”. With the speed and reach of modern forms of communication, radical groups in Western Africa and beyond will use this escalating war as evidence of another front opened against Muslims.

It is disturbing – to say the least – how Cameron has led Britain into Mali’s conflict without even a pretence at consultation. Troops will not be sent, we are told; but the term “mission creep” exists for a reason, and an escalation could surely trigger deeper British involvement. The West has a terrible record of aligning itself with the most dubious of allies: the side we have picked are far from human-rights-loving democrats.

© 2012 The Independent

War in Libya Was Called “Success,” But Now Here We Are Engaging with the...

No scrutiny, no build-up, no parliamentary vote, not even a softening-up exercise. Britain is now involved in yet another military conflict in a Muslim land, or so we have been informed. British aircraft are flying to Mali while France bombs the country, arguing that Islamist militia must be driven back to save Europe from the creation of a “terrorist state”. Amnesty International and West Africa experts warned of the potential disaster of foreign military intervention; the bombs raining on the Malian towns of Konna, Léré and Douentza suggest they have been definitively ignored.

Mali’s current agony has only just emerged in our headlines, but the roots go back generations. Like the other Western colonial powers that invaded and conquered Africa from the 19th century onwards, France used tactics of divide-and-rule in Mali, leading to entrenched bitterness between the nomadic Tuareg people – the base of the current revolt – and other communities in Mali.Soldiers preparing a French jet at the Saint Dizier airbase in eastern France on Sunday. French fighter jets bombed rebel targets in a major city in Mali's north Sunday. (Photo: Laure-Anne Maucorps/French Army/AP)

To some Westerners, this is a distant past to be ignored, moved on from, and certainly not used to preclude noble interventions; but the consequences are still being felt on a daily basis. Initially, the French Foreign Minister, Laurent Fabius, suggested its colonial legacy ruled out a France-led intervention; its sudden involvement is far more rapid than expected.

But this intervention is itself the consequence of another. The Libyan war is frequently touted as a success story for liberal interventionism. Yet the toppling of Muammar Gaddafi’s dictatorship had consequences that Western intelligence services probably never even bothered to imagine. Tuaregs – who traditionally hailed from northern Mali – made up a large portion of his army. When Gaddafi was ejected from power, they returned to their homeland: sometimes forcibly so as black Africans came under attack in post-Gaddafi Libya, an uncomfortable fact largely ignored by the Western media.

Awash with weapons from Libya’s own turmoil, armed Tuaregs saw an opening for their long-standing dream for national self-determination. As the rebellion spread, the democratically elected President Amadou Toumani Touré was deposed in a military coup and – despite allowing a transitional civilian-led government to take power – the army retains its dominance.

There can certainly be no sympathy for the militia now fighting the Malian  government. Originally, it was the secular  nationalists of the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad who led the uprising; they have now been pushed aside by Islamist jihadists with a speed that has shocked foreign analysts. Rather than achieving an independent Tuareg state, they have far more sweeping ambitions, linking up with similar groups based in northern Nigeria. Amnesty International reports horrendous atrocities: amputations, sexual violence, the use of child soldiers, and rampant extra-judicial executions.

But don’t fall for a narrative so often pushed by the Western media: a perverse oversimplification of good fighting evil, just as we have seen imposed on Syria’s brutal civil war. Amnesty reports brutality on the part of Malian government forces, too. When the conflict originally exploded, Tuaregs were arrested, tortured, bombed and killed by the security forces, “apparently only on ethnic grounds”, Amnesty says. Last July, 80 inmates arrested by the army were stripped to their underwear, jammed into a 5sqm cell; cigarettes were burnt into their bodies; and they were forced to sodomise each other. Back in September 2012, 16 Muslim preachers belonging to the Dawa group were rounded up at a checkpoint and summarily executed by the army. These are acts committed by those who are now our allies.

When the UN Security Council unanimously paved the way for military force to be used at some point last month, experts made clear warnings that must still be listened to. The International Crisis Group urged a focus on a diplomatic solution to restore stability, arguing that intervention could exacerbate a growing inter-ethnic conflict. Amnesty warned that “an international armed intervention is likely to increase the scale of human-rights violations we are already seeing in this conflict”. Paul Rogers, professor of peace studies at Bradford University, has argued that past wars show that “once started, they can take alarming directions, have very destructive results, and often enhance the very movements they are designed to counter”.

It is conceivable that this intervention could – for a time – achieve its goals of pushing back the Islamist militias, and shore up Mali’s government. But the Libyan war was seen as a success, too; and here we are now engaging with its catastrophic blowback. In Afghanistan, Western forces remain engaged in a never-ending war which has already helped destabilised Pakistan, leading to drone attacks that have killed hundreds of civilians and unleashed further chaos. The price of Western interventions may often be ignored by our media, but it is still paid nonetheless.

Western intervention led by France, supported by Britain and with possible US drone attacks on the way will undoubtedly fuel the narrative of radical Islamist groups. As Professor Rogers puts it to me, it will be portrayed as “one more example of an assault on Islam”. With the speed and reach of modern forms of communication, radical groups in Western Africa and beyond will use this escalating war as evidence of another front opened against Muslims.

It is disturbing – to say the least – how Cameron has led Britain into Mali’s conflict without even a pretence at consultation. Troops will not be sent, we are told; but the term “mission creep” exists for a reason, and an escalation could surely trigger deeper British involvement. The West has a terrible record of aligning itself with the most dubious of allies: the side we have picked are far from human-rights-loving democrats.

© 2012 The Independent

Obama’s War Against Libya

nato

The next time that empire comes calling in the name of human rights, please be found standing idly by

Maximilian C. Forte’s new book Slouching Towards Sirte: NATO’s War on Libya and Africa (released November 20) is a searing indictment of NATO’s 2011 military intervention in Libya, and of the North American and European left that supported it. He argues that NATO powers, with the help of the Western left who “played a supporting role by making substantial room for the dominant U.S. narrative and its military policies,” marshalled support for their intervention by creating a fiction that Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was about to carry out a massacre against a popular, pro-democracy uprising, and that the world could not stand idly by and watch a genocide unfold.

Forte takes this view apart, showing that a massacre was never in the cards, much less genocide. Gaddafi didn’t threaten to hunt down civilians, only those who had taken up armed insurrection—and he offered rebels amnesty if they laid down their arms. What’s more, Gaddafi didn’t have the military firepower to lay siege to Benghazi (site of the initial uprising) and hunt down civilians from house to house. Nor did his forces carry out massacres in the towns they recaptured…something that cannot be said for the rebels.

Citing mainstream media reports that CIA and British SAS operatives were already on the ground “either before or at the very same time as (British prime minister David) Cameron and (then French president Nicolas) Sarkozy began to call for military intervention in Libya”, Forte raises “the possibility that Western powers were at least waiting for the first opportunity to intervene in Libya to commit regime change under the cover of a local uprising.” And he adds, they were doing so “without any hesitation to ponder what if any real threats to civilians might have been.” Gaddafi, a fierce opponent of fundamentalist Wahhabist/Salafist Islam “faced several armed uprisings and coup attempts before— and in the West there was no public clamor for his head when he crushed them.” (The same, too, can be said of the numerous uprisings and assassination attempts carried out by the Syrian Muslim Brothers against the Assads, all of which were crushed without raising much of an outcry in the West, until now.)

Rejecting a single factor explanation that NATO intervened to secure access to Libyan oil, Forte presents a multi-factorial account, which invokes elements of the hunt for profits, economic competition with China and Russia, and establishing US hegemony in Africa. Among the gains of the intervention, writes Forte, were:

1) increased access for U.S. corporations to massive Libyan expenditures on infrastructure development (and now reconstruction), from which U.S. corporations had frequently been locked out when Gaddafi was in power; 2) warding off any increased acquisition of Libyan oil contracts by Chinese and Russian firms; 3) ensuring that a friendly regime was in place that was not influenced by ideas of “resource nationalism;” 4) increasing the presence of AFRICOM in African affairs, in an attempt to substitute for the African Union and to entirely displace the Libyan-led Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD); 5) expanding the U.S. hold on key geostrategic locations and resources; 6) promoting U.S. claims to be serious about freedom, democracy, and human rights, and of being on the side of the people of Africa, as a benign benefactor; 7) politically stabilizing the North African region in a way that locked out opponents of the U.S.; and, 8) drafting other nations to undertake the work of defending and advancing U.S. political and economic interests, under the guise of humanitarianism and protecting civilians.

Forte challenges the view that Gaddafi was in bed with the West as a “strange view of romance.” It might be more aptly said, he counters, that the United States was in bed with Libya on the fight against Al Qaeda and Islamic terrorists, since “Libya led by Gaddafi (had) fought against Al Qaeda years before it became public enemy number one in the U.S.” Indeed, years “before Bin Laden became a household name in the West, Libya issued an arrest warrant for his capture.” Gaddafi was happy to enlist Washington’s help in crushing a persistent threat to his secular rule.

Moreover, the bed in which Libya and the United States found themselves was hardly a comfortable one. Gaddafi complained bitterly to US officials that the benefits he was promised for ending Libya’s WMD program and capitulating on the Lockerbie prosecution were not forthcoming. And the US State Department and US corporations, for their part, complained bitterly of Gaddafi’s “resource nationalism” and attempts to “Libyanize” the economy. One of the lessons the NATO intervention has taught is that countries that want to maintain some measure of independence from Washington are well advised not to surrender the threat of self-defense.

Forte, to use his own words, gives the devil his due, noting that:

Gaddafi was a remarkable and unique exception among the whole range of modern Arab leaders, for being doggedly altruistic, for funding development programs in dozens of needy nations, for supporting national liberation struggles that had nothing to do with Islam or the Arab world, for pursuing an ideology that was original and not simply the product of received tradition or mimesis of exogenous sources, and for making Libya a presence on the world stage in a way that was completely out of proportion with its population size.

He points out as well that “Libya had reaped international isolation for the sake of supporting the Irish Republican Army (IRA), the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), and the African National Congress (ANC)”, which, once each of these organizations had made their own separate peace, left Libya behind continuing to fight.

Forte invokes Sirte in the title of his book to expose the lie that NATO’s intervention was motivated by humanitarianism and saving lives. “Sirte, once promoted by Colonel Muammar Gaddafi as a possible capital of a future United States of Africa, and one of the strongest bases of support for the revolution he led, was found to be in near total ruin by visiting journalists who came after the end of the bombing campaign by members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). “ This,” observes Forte, “is what ‘protecting civilians’ actually looks like, and it looks like crimes against humanity.” “The only lives the U.S. was interested in saving,” he argues “were those of the insurgents, saving them so they could defeat Gaddafi.” And yet “the slaughter in Sirte…barely raised an eyebrow among the kinds of Western audiences and opinion leaders who just a few months before clamored for ‘humanitarian intervention.’”

Among those who clamored for humanitarian intervention were members of the “North American and European left—reconditioned, accommodating, and fearful—(who) played a supporting role by making substantial room for the dominant U.S. narrative and its military policies.” Forte doesn’t name names, except for a reference to Noam Chomsky, whom he criticizes for “poor judgment and flawed analyses” for supporting “the no-fly zone intervention and the rebellion as ‘wonderful’ and ‘liberation’”.

Forte also aims a stinging rebuke at those who treated anti-imperialism as a bad word. “Throughout this debacle, anti-imperialism has been scourged as if it were a threat greater than the West’s global military domination, as if anti-imperialism had given us any of the horrors of war witnessed thus far this century. Anti-imperialism was treated in public debate in North America as the province of political lepers.” This calls to mind opprobrious leftist figures who discovered a fondness for the obloquy “mechanical anti-imperialists” which they hurdled with great gusto at anti-imperialist opponents of the NATO intervention.

“NATO’s intervention did not stop armed conflict in Libya,” observes Forte—it continues to the present. “Massacres were not prevented, they were enabled, and many occurred after NATO intervened and because NATO intervened.” It is for these reasons he urges readers to stand idly by the next time that empire comes calling in the name of human rights.

Slouching Towards Sirte is a penetrating critique, not only of the NATO intervention in Libya, but of the concept of humanitarian intervention and imperialism in our time. It is the definitive treatment of NATO’s war on Libya. It is difficult to imagine it will be surpassed.

Maximilian C. Forte, Slouching Towards Sirte: NATO’s War on Libya and Africa, Baraka Books, Montreal, ISBN 978-1-926824-52-9. Available November 20, 2012. http://www.barakabooks.com/

Tribal clashes kill four in Libya

File photo shows former Libyan fighters securing a street in Kufra in southern Libya.

At least four people have been killed in skirmishes between a group of tribesmen and a brigade linked to the army in southern Libya, military sources say.

A Libyan army official reported on Wednesday that, "Four Toubou tribesmen were killed on Tuesday in clashes against Shield Libya," in the country’s southern town of Kufra.

Shield Libya is made up of former fighters who learned how to fight during Libya’s revolution that ousted former dictator Muammar Gaddafi in 2011.

The official also said that Shield Libya interfered "to prevent student casualties" after clashes between Toubou and Zwai tribesmen turned into a violent armed battle within Kufra University.


A tribal chief also said, "We want the army to secure Kufra, and not a group of civilian revolutionaries who have no military principles.”

Toubou tribesmen have been involved in deadly clashes with the Zwai tribe in the Saharan oasis of Kufra in southern Libya since February 2012.

The clashes between the African country’s two ethnic communities have reportedly claimed the lives of dozens of people.

MKA/SZH

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